彼岸

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Chinese

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that; those; (one) another)
bank; shore; beach
bank; shore; beach; coast
 
simp. and trad.
(彼岸)

Etymology

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Literal translation of Sanskrit पारमिता (pāramitā). Compare the phonetic translation 波羅蜜多波罗蜜多 (bōluómìduō).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (31)
Final () (13) (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Baxter pjeX nganH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiᴇX/ /ŋɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiɛX/ /ŋɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɛX/ /ŋɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiə̆X/ /ŋanH/
Li
Rong
/pjeX/ /ŋɑnH/
Wang
Li
/pǐeX/ /ŋɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pie̯X/ /ŋɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bei2 ngon6

Noun

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彼岸

  1. (literary) opposite bank (of a river, etc.); the other shore; the other side
  2. (Buddhism) paramita; the perfection of a virtue; the goal to be reached

Synonyms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (彼岸):
  • Japanese: 彼岸(ひがん) (higan)
  • Korean: 피안(彼岸) (pian)
  • Vietnamese: bỉ ngạn (彼岸)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
がん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(がん) (higan

  1. (literary) the opposite shore
  2. (subsequently) the afterlife
    Antonyms: 此岸 (shigan), 娑婆 (shaba)
  3. (Buddhism) pāramitā the sought after perfection, Clipping of 到彼岸 (tōhigan).
    Synonym: 波羅蜜多 (haramitta)
  4. Clipping of 彼岸会 (higane). (also お彼岸 (o-higan)), the 7 days surrounding the vernal and autumnal equinoxes. Also the Buddhist ceremonies held during this period

Derived terms

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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彼岸 (pian) (hangeul 피안)

  1. Hanja form? of 피안 (the paramita).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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彼岸

  1. chữ Hán form of bỉ ngạn.