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U+5F90, 徐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F90

[U+5F8F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F91]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 60, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人一木 (HOOMD), four-corner 28294, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 367, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 690, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 825, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5F90

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
徐-bronze.svg 徐-seal.svg 徐-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • chhî - vernacular (including surname);
    • sû/sî - literary.
  • Quanzhou:
    • chhî - vernacular;
    • sîr - literary (including surname).
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕy³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
    Qingdao /sy⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
    Xining /ɕy²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕy⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕy⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ɕy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕy²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰy²⁴/
    Hefei /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕy¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕy¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕy³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /zi¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /zei³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /si¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɕy¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi¹¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰi¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøy²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰy²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰøy²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
    /t͡sʰi³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /si³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.la/
    English walk slowly

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15782
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lja/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. slowly; quietly; calmly
    2. composed; poised
    3. Xuzhou

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. slow, gradual

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seo)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seo, McCune–Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
      • Name (hangeul): 천천히

    This means “slow” in English.


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chờ, chừa, giờ, từ, thờ, xờ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.