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U+5F90, 徐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F90

[U+5F8F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F91]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人一木 (HOOMD), four-corner 28294, composition)

  1. slowly, quietly, calmly
  2. composed, dignified
  3. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 367, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 690, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 825, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5F90

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
徐-bronze.svg 徐-bigseal.svg 徐-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sîr/sû/sî - literary;
  • chhî - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕy³⁵/
Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
Qingdao /sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
Xining /ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕy⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕy⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰy²⁴/
Hefei /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕy¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕy¹³/
Hohhot /ɕy³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
Suzhou /zi¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zei³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /si¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕy¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøy²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰy²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
/t͡sʰi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɯ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ziɔ/
Wang
Li
/zĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.la/
English walk slowly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15782
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gradually

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seo, McCune-Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chờ, chừa, giờ, từ, thờ, xờ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.