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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 𡈼

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹人山土大 (HOUGK), four-corner 28240, composition𡈼 or ⿲)

  1. summon, recruit
  2. fourth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale or sol

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 370, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10239
  • Dae Jaweon: page 697, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 842, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5FB5

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
/t͡səŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡seŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən³³³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sən⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡seŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡seŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡siŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
/teŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨŋ/ /ȶi̯əŋ/ /ȶiəŋ/ /ʈɨŋ/ /ʈiŋ/ /ȶĭəŋ/ /ȶieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēng ‹ tring › /*trəŋ/ examine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17159 0 /*tɯŋ/

Verb[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. phenomenon; symptom
See also[edit]
  • (“symptom”)
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨX/ /ȶiX/ /ȶiəX/ /ʈɨX/ /ʈɨX/ /ȶĭəX/ /ȶieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17158 0 /*tɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jing, chi) (hangeul , , revised jing, chi, McCune-Reischauer ching, ch'i, Yale cing, chi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trưng, chưng, chuỷ, rưng, trâng)

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