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See also:
U+5FD8, 忘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FD8

[U+5FD7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FD9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜女心 (YVP), four-corner 00331, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2270, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5FD8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
忘-bronze-warring.svg 忘-silk.svg 忘-seal.svg 忘-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maŋ, *maŋs) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic  (OC *maŋ, to lose, disappear, flee) + semantic  (heart)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma (not). Originally the same word as (OC *maŋ, “to lose, disappear, flee”) as suggested by Shijing rimes, but it was later suffixed with a perfective suffix *-s (or *-h), literally "it has disappeared (from mind)" (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mong4, mong5 - vernacular;
  • uong4, uong5 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3maan - vernacular;
    • 3vaan - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uɑŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /uaŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /vɑŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /vaŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /vaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uaŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /uaŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /uɔ̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /vɑŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /vɑ̃¹³/
    Ürümqi /vɑŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /uaŋ²¹³/
    /uaŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /uaŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /uaŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /uã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /uaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /uɑ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /vɒ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /uɑŋ³⁵/
    /uə³⁵/ ~下了
    Hohhot /vɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
    /huɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /mɑ̃³¹/
    Hangzhou /mɑŋ¹³/
    /vɑŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
    /muɔ³¹/
    /maŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /o²²/
    /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /uan¹³/
    Xiangtan /uɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /mɔŋ²¹/ ~記
    /uɔŋ²¹/ ~性大
    Hakka Meixian /moŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /moŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /mɔŋ²¹/
    /mɔŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /mɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɔŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /buaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (106)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mʉɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mʷiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭwaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /miwaŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wáng wàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjang › ‹ mjangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maŋ/ /*maŋ-s/
    English forget forget

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12672 12683
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maŋ/ /*maŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to forget
    2. to neglect
    3. to miss; to omit

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 忘記 (“to forget”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 忘記, 忘掉, 忘卻
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Shenyang
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining 忘掉, 忘下
    Xuzhou , 忘記
    Yinchuan , 忘記
    Lanzhou 忘掉
    Ürümqi 忘掉
    Wuhan 忘記
    Chengdu , 忘記, 記不倒
    Guiyang , 忘記
    Guilin 忘記
    Liuzhou 忘記, 打忘記
    Kunming 忘記
    Yangzhou 忘記, 記不得
    Nanjing 記不得, 忘記, 忘得
    Hefei 忘記, 忘失
    Cantonese Guangzhou 唔記得, 忘記
    Hong Kong 唔記得
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 唔記得
    Foshan 唔記得
    Shunde 落記
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 落記
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 唔記得
    Taishan 唔記得
    Kaiping (Chikan) 唔記得
    Dongguan 唔記得
    Shaoguan 唔記得
    Yunfu 唔記得
    Yangjiang 無記得
    Xinyi 冇記得
    Lianjiang 冇記得
    Nanning 忘記, 打忘記
    Wuzhou 打忘記, 唔記得
    Yulin 忘記
    Hepu 忘記, 冇記倒
    Kuala Lumpur 唔記得
    Gan Nanchang 忘記, 不記得
    Hakka Meixian 添忘, 添放, 毋記得
    Xingning 添忘
    Huidong 添忘
    Qujiang 忘記
    Xiaosanjiang 忘記
    Luchuan 忘記
    Changting 添放, 添忘
    Pingyu 添放
    Wuping 添放
    Liancheng 添放
    Ninghua 拿撇掉
    Yudu 記忘
    Ruijin 毋記得, 來記掉
    Shicheng 來記
    Shangyou 來忘
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毋記得, 添放
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 毋記得, 添放
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 毋記得
    Dongshi (Dabu) 毋記得
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 毋記得
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋記得, 添放
    Hong Kong 添忘
    Sabah (Longchuan) 忘記, 毋記得
    Senai 忘記
    Singkawang 毋記得
    Huizhou Jixi 忘記
    Jin Taiyuan , 忘記
    Xinzhou 忘記
    Min Bei Jian'ou 撈暴, 𣍐記得
    Min Dong Fuzhou 𣍐記
    Fuqing 𣍐記
    Gutian 𣍐記
    Fu'an 𣍐記
    Ningde 𣍐記
    Shouning 𣍐記
    Zhouning 𣍐記
    Fuding 𣍐記
    Matsu 𣍐記
    Min Nan Xiamen 袂記得, 袂記
    Quanzhou 袂記得, 袂記
    Zhangzhou 袂記
    Taipei 袂記得, 袂記
    Kaohsiung 袂記得, 袂記
    Penang 袂記
    Philippines (Manila) 袂記得
    Chaozhou 唔記得, 忘記
    Johor Bahru 唔記得
    Haikou 無記著, 無憶著
    Leizhou 無記著
    Puxian Min Putian 𣍐記
    Xianyou 𣍐記
    Pinghua Nanning 打忘記
    Guilin 忘記
    Wu Shanghai 忘記
    Suzhou 忘記
    Hangzhou 忘記
    Wenzhou 慲記
    Chongming 忘記
    Danyang 忘記, 忘煞
    Jinhua 忘記
    Xiang Changsha 不記得, 忘記
    Shuangfeng 不記得, 忘記
    Quanzhou 忘記

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. forget

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mang) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (vong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.