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See also:
U+5FD8, 忘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FD8

[U+5FD7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FD9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜女心 (YVP), four-corner 00331, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2270, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5FD8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
忘-bronze-warring.svg 忘-silk.svg 忘-seal.svg 忘-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *maŋ, *maŋs) and ideogrammic compound (會意): phonetic  (OC *maŋ, to lose, disappear, flee) + semantic  (heart)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ma (not). Originally the same word as (OC *maŋ, “to lose, disappear, flee”) as suggested by Shijing rimes, but it was later suffixed with a perfective suffix *-s (or *-h), literally "it has disappeared (from mind)" (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mong4, mong5 - vernacular;
  • uong4, uong5 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3maan - vernacular;
    • 3vaan - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uɑŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /uaŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /vɑŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /vaŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /vaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uaŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /uaŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /uɔ̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /vɑŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /vɑ̃¹³/
    Ürümqi /vɑŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /uaŋ²¹³/
    /uaŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /uaŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /uaŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /uã̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /uaŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /uɑ̃⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /vɒ̃⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /uɑŋ³⁵/
    /uə³⁵/ ~下了
    Hohhot /vɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /mɑ̃²³/
    /huɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /mɑ̃³¹/
    Hangzhou /mɑŋ¹³/
    /vɑŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³¹/
    /muɔ³¹/
    /maŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /o²²/
    /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /uan¹³/
    Xiangtan /uɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /mɔŋ²¹/ ~記
    /uɔŋ²¹/ ~性大
    Hakka Meixian /moŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /moŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /mɔŋ²¹/
    /mɔŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /mɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɔŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /buaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (106)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mʉɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mʷiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭwaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /miwaŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wáng wàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjang › ‹ mjangH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maŋ/ /*maŋ-s/
    English forget forget

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12672 12683
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*maŋ/ /*maŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to forget
    2. to neglect
    3. to miss; to omit

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 忘記 (“to forget”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 忘記忘掉忘卻
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Shenyang
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining 忘掉忘下
    Xuzhou 忘記
    Yinchuan 忘記
    Lanzhou 忘掉
    Ürümqi 忘掉
    Wuhan 忘記
    Chengdu 忘記記不倒
    Guiyang 忘記
    Guilin 忘記
    Liuzhou 忘記打忘記
    Kunming 忘記
    Yangzhou 忘記記不得
    Nanjing 記不得忘記忘得
    Hefei 忘記忘失
    Cantonese Guangzhou 唔記得忘記
    Hong Kong 唔記得
    Shunde 落記
    Foshan 唔記得
    Zhongshan 落記
    Dongguan 唔記得
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 唔記得
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 唔記得
    Taishan 唔記得
    Kaiping 唔記得
    Shaoguan 唔記得
    Yunfu 唔記得
    Yangjiang 無記得
    Xinyi 冇記得
    Lianjiang 冇記得
    Nanning 忘記打忘記
    Wuzhou 打忘記唔記得
    Yulin 忘記
    Hepu 忘記冇記倒
    Kuala Lumpur 唔記得
    Gan Nanchang 忘記不記得
    Hakka Meixian 添忘添放毋記得
    Xingning 添忘
    Huidong 添忘
    Qujiang 忘記
    Xiaosanjiang 忘記
    Luchuan 忘記
    Changting 添放添忘
    Pingyu 添放
    Wuping 添放
    Liancheng 添放
    Ninghua 拿撇掉
    Yudu 記忘
    Ruijin 毋記得來記掉
    Shicheng 來記
    Shangyou 來忘
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 毋記得添放
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 毋記得添放
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 毋記得
    Dongshi (Dabu) 毋記得
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 毋記得
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋記得添放
    Hong Kong 添忘
    Sabah (Longchuan) 忘記毋記得
    Senai 忘記
    Singkawang 毋記得
    Huizhou Jixi 忘記
    Jin Taiyuan 忘記
    Xinzhou 忘記
    Min Bei Jian'ou 撈暴𣍐記得
    Min Dong Fuzhou 𣍐記
    Fuqing 𣍐記
    Gutian 𣍐記
    Fu'an 𣍐記
    Ningde 𣍐記
    Shouning 𣍐記
    Zhouning 𣍐記
    Fuding 𣍐記
    Matsu 𣍐記
    Min Nan Xiamen 袂記得袂記
    Quanzhou 袂記得袂記
    Zhangzhou 袂記
    Taipei 袂記得袂記
    Kaohsiung 袂記得袂記
    Penang 袂記
    Philippines (Manila) 袂記得
    Chaozhou 唔記得忘記
    Johor Bahru 唔記得
    Haikou 無記著無憶著
    Leizhou 無記著
    Puxian Min Putian 𣍐記
    Xianyou 𣍐記
    Pinghua Nanning 打忘記
    Guilin 忘記
    Wu Shanghai 忘記
    Suzhou 忘記
    Hangzhou 忘記
    Wenzhou 慲記
    Chongming 忘記
    Danyang 忘記忘煞
    Jinhua 忘記
    Xiang Changsha 不記得忘記
    Shuangfeng 不記得忘記
    Quanzhou 忘記

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. forget

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mang) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (vong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.