怎麼

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See also: 怎麽 and 怎么

Chinese[edit]

how dimi.
trad. (怎麼/怎麽) /
simp. (怎么)
variant forms 腫麼肿么 slang

Pronunciation[edit]


Adverb[edit]

怎麼 (chiefly Mandarin)

  1. how
    北京怎麼 / 北京怎么  ―  Běijīng zěnme qù?  ―  How do you get to Beijing?
    動人英文怎麼 [MSC, trad.]
    动人英文怎么 [MSC, simp.]
    “Dòngrén” yòng yīngwén zěnme shuō? [Pinyin]
    How do you say dòngrén in English?
    怎麼 / 怎么  ―  Zhè shì zěnme huí shì ya?  ―  How did this happen?
    怎麼這樣 / 怎么这样  ―  Zěnme huì zhèyàng ne?  ―  How could that be?
  2. how come; why
    今天怎麼上學 [MSC, trad.]
    今天怎么上学 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā jīntiān zěnme méi lái shàngxué? [Pinyin]
    How come he didn't come to school today?
    怎麼那麼時間 [MSC, trad.]
    怎么那么时间 [MSC, simp.]
    zěnme huā le nàme cháng shíjiān a? [Pinyin]
    Why did it take you so long?
  3. in what way; what
    怎麼 [MSC, trad.]
    怎么 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ shì zěnme gēn nǐ shuō de? [Pinyin]
    What did I tell you?
    閉嘴怎麼怎麼 [MSC, trad.]
    闭嘴怎么怎么 [MSC, simp.]
    Bìzuǐ, wǒ zěnme shuō nǐ jiù zěnme bàn! [Pinyin]
    Shut up and do what I say!
  4. used to indicate a degree, usually of inadequacy or inferiority
    女兒現在怎麼寫字 [MSC, trad.]
    女儿现在怎么写字 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de nǚ'ér xiànzài sān suì, hái dōu bù zěnme huì xiězì. [Pinyin]
    My daughter is just three years old and cannot write anything very well.
    喜歡唱歌但是怎麼 [MSC, trad.]
    喜欢唱歌但是怎么 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ hěn xǐhuān chànggē, dànshì wǒ hái bù zěnme huì chàng. [Pinyin]
    I love singing, but I'm not very good at it.
    現在怎麼網球但是老師教導一定提高水平 [MSC, trad.]
    现在怎么网球但是老师教导一定提高水平 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ xiànzài hái bù zěnme huì dǎ wǎngqiú, dànshì zài lǎoshī de jiàodǎo xià, yīdìng néng tígāo wǒ de shuǐpíng! [Pinyin]
    I'm not that great at tennis now, but I will definitely improve under my teacher's guidance!

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 怎麼 (“how”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 如何
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 怎麼
Mandarin Beijing 怎麼
Jinan 怎麼
Xi'an , 咋樣兒
Wuhan , 麼樣, 哪樣
Chengdu , 咋個, 啷個
Yangzhou 井幹
Hefei 怎樣,
Cantonese Guangzhou , 點樣
Hong Kong , 點樣
Taishan 幾何
Gan Nanchang , 啷樣
Hakka Meixian 仰般
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 仰般, 仰仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 仰仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 仰般
Dongshi (Dabu) 仰脣,
Hsinchu (Raoping) 仰般, 仰般形
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 仰子
Jin Taiyuan , 咋底
Min Dong Fuzhou 怎怎, , 怎其
Min Nan Xiamen 按怎, 怎影
Taipei 按怎
Penang 按怎
Philippines (Manila) 障仔, 按怎,
Chaozhou 在生, 乜生, 做呢
Wu Shanghai 哪能
Suzhou 捺亨
Wenzhou 訾那, 訾那能
Xiang Changsha 何什
Shuangfeng 麼家

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]