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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹日 (PHA), four-corner 96000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 380, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2287, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6015

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (2)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɣaH/ /pʰaH/ /pʰaH/ /pʰɯaH/ /pʰaɨH/ /pʰaH/ /pʰaH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (2)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɣæk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰɯak̚/ /pʰaɨjk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
184 0 /*pʰraːɡs/ 怖後出借字
202 0 /*pʰraːɡ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to fear, to be afraid of

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune-Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạ)

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