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U+6015, 怕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6015

[U+6014]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6016]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹日 (PHA), four-corner 96000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 380, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2287, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6015

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *braːɡ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with (OC *pʰaːs) (Wang, 1982; Schuessler, 2007). Compare Proto-Kuki-Chin *phoo(k/ŋ) (to startle; to alarm; to wake up), whence Mizo phâwk (to startle; to frighten) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Proto-Monic *phiic (to be afraid) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨH/
Li
Rong
/pʰaH/
Wang
Li
/pʰaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 184
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰraːɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fear; to be afraid of
    / [Cantonese]  ―  paa3 zam1 paa3 hyut3 [Jyutping]  ―  to fear needles and blood
    已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
    已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 ji5 ging1 paa3 zo2 nei5. [Jyutping]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. to worry; to be concerned
  3. to be unable to withstand
  4. perhaps; supposedly; fearfully; I'm afraid that
  5. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (to fear):
edit
  • (to worry):
edit

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (2)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
po
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 202
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) Alternative form of (, “indifferent to fame or gain”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 두려워할 (duryeowohal pa))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

(eumhun 담담할 (damdamhal baek))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.