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U+6015, 怕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6015

[U+6014]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6016]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹日 (PHA), four-corner 96000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 380, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2287, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6015

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡs, *mbraːd
*pʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰaːɡ
*baːɡ
*baːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*prɯɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ, *ɡeːwʔ
*mpʰraːɡ, *mbraːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*praɡ, *preɡ
*ɦmreːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *braːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *pʰaːs).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (2)
Final () (98) (113)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠaH/ /pʰˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚaH/ /pʰᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰaH/ /pʰak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨH/ /pʰaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
po
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 184 202
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰraːɡs/ /*pʰraːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fear; to be afraid of
  2. to worry; to be concerned
  3. to be unable to withstand
  4. perhaps; fearfully
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 害怕 (“to fear; to be afraid of”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 害怕懼怕畏懼
Mandarin Beijing 害怕
Taiwan 害怕
Harbin 害怕發毛
Jinan 害怕打怵
Muping 害怕
Luoyang 害怕
Jiedian
Xi'an 害怕怯火
Xuzhou 嫌怕打怵
Yinchuan 害怕
Lanzhou 害怕怯乎怯豁
Ürümqi 害怕
Wuhan 嚇不過
Chengdu 害怕虛火
Guiyang 害怕
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 害怕怕懼懼乎
Nanjing 嚇怕
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan 𢗉
Doumen
Kaiping 𢗉
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang 𢗉
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Hakka Meixian 怕畏
Changting
Wuping
Ninghua
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 害怕
Xinzhou 著怕
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen 驚惶懾屎
Quanzhou 懾屎
Zhangzhou 驚惶
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi 驚惶
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou 怕慌發毛
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 畏怯
Shuangfeng
Loudi

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune–Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạ)

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