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U+60A3, 患
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-60A3

[U+60A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+60A4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中中心 (LLP), four-corner 50336, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 388, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 721, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2300, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+60A3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢠶
𢤒

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡoːns
qroːns
ɡroːns
ɡroːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡroːns): phonetic  (OC *kroːns, *kʰjons) + semantic  (heart).

Since Shuowen does not have the character , it interprets the character as phonetic  (OC *qʰon, *sqʰon, *sɢoŋs) + semantic  + semantic  (heart) – to pierce through something from the heart. Duan Yucai claims in his commentary that older copies of Shuowen actually have phonetic  (OC *koːn, *koːns, to pierce through) + semantic  (heart) instead.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuanH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚanH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuanH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwanH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwanH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwænH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤro[n]-s/
English calamity; distress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5364
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡroːns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to worry
  2. to contract (an illness); to gain; to suffer from; to be afflicted with
  3. trouble; peril

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. afflicted

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwan) (hangeul , revised hwan, McCune-Reischauer hwan, Yale hwan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoạn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.