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U+6179, 慹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6179

[U+6178]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+617A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 土戈心 (GIP), four-corner 45331, composition)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 401, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 740, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6179

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tibs
*tjibs
*tjibs
*tjibs
*tiːms, *diːb
*tjeb, *ndiːb, *sdib, *tjib
*tjeb
*diːb
*stib
*tib
*tʰib
*dib
*tjib
*tjib

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Middle Chinese: /t͡ɕiɪp̚/, /d͡ziɪp̚/, /t͡ɕiᴇp̚/, /nep̚/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (23) (15) (23) (8)
Final () (141) (141) (155) (158)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪp̚/ /d͡ziɪp̚/ /t͡ɕiᴇp̚/ /nep̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕip̚/ /d͡zip̚/ /t͡ɕiɛp̚/ /nep̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjep̚/ /d͡zjep̚/ /t͡ɕjæp̚/ /nɛp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cip̚/ /d͡zip̚/ /ciap̚/ /nɛp̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəp̚/ /d͡ziəp̚/ /t͡ɕiɛp̚/ /nep̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕp̚/ /d͡zĭĕp̚/ /t͡ɕĭɛp̚/ /niep̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯əp̚/ /d͡zʱi̯əp̚/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛp̚/ /niep̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhi zhe niè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhé zhé zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ nep › ‹ tsyep › ‹ tsyip ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤ[i]p/ /*t-nep/ /*t-nip/ (dialect *t-n- > *t-)
English afraid afraid; to fear afraid, to fear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 17280 17284 17286 17291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjeb/ /*ndiːb/ /*sdib/ /*tjib/