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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *b·rons):  +  ‎(heart)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +19, 23 strokes, cangjie input 女火心 (VFP), four-corner 22339, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 409, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11504
  • Dae Jaweon: page 751, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2372, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6200

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lian⁵¹/
Harbin /lian⁵³/
Tianjin /lian⁵³/
Jinan /liã⁴²/
Qingdao /liã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lyan⁴²/
Xi'an /luã²⁴/
Xining /lyã²⁴/
Yinchuan /lian¹³/
/luan⁵³/
Lanzhou /luɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /lian²¹³/
Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /nian¹³/
Guiyang /nian²¹³/
Kunming /liɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /lien⁴⁴/
Hefei /liĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /luæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /luɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /lye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /li²³/
Suzhou /liɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /liẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /li²²/
Hui Shexian /le²²/
Tunxi /liɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /liẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /niẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /liɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /lien⁵³/
Taoyuan /lien⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lyn³⁵/
Nanning /lin²²/
Hong Kong /lyn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /luan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luɔŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nuiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luaŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lin³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwianH/
Li
Rong
/liuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/lĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljwenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]on-s/
English to long for

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8632
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·rons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. love
    戀愛恋爱 (liàn'ài, “love”)
  2. to love
  3. long for, yearn for
  4. to be attached
    /   ―  liúliàn  ―  to be reluctant to leave

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. love, passion

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Replaced in modern Japanese with the shinjitai form .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luyến, luýnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.