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See also:
U+6207, 戇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6207

[U+6206]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6208]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +24, 28 strokes, cangjie input X卜金心 (XYCP) or 卜金心 (YCP), four-corner 07338, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 409, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11525
  • Dae Jaweon: page 751, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2373, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6207

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
戇-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms
*kluːmʔ, *kluːms
*kʰluːms
*kr'oːms, *qʰloːms
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ, *ɡloːŋ, *ɡluːŋ
*kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ
*kruːŋs
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ
窿 *ɡ·ruːŋ
*ɡ·ruːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kr'oːms, *qʰloːms): phonetic  (OC *kluːmʔ, *kluːms, *kromʔ, *kloːms) + semantic .

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

“Stupid”. Attested abundantly in Old Chinese, but obsolete in modern varieties. Compared with Proto-Mon *trɔɔʔ (> Mon သ္ဒိုဟ် (tɜ̀h, foolish, stupid)) by Schuessler (2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (9)
Final () (1) (9)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huŋH/ /ʈˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/huŋH/ /ʈᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuŋH/ /ȶɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/həwŋH/ /ʈaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/xuŋH/ /ȶɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/xuŋH/ /ȶɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuŋH/ /ȶɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòng zhuàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6277 6291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kr'oːms/ /*qʰloːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. stupid
  2. blunt and tactless

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms Min Nan
Min Nan

Dialectally preserved word for “stupid”, attested since Middle Chinese. Relationship to Etymology 1 is unknown.

Compare Proto-Central Chin *ŋoŋ (“dull, stupid”) > Mizo ngawng (dull, stupid), Proto-Tai-Kadai *ŋV:ŋ.T (“stupid”) > Zhuang nguengh (stupid), as well as Old Khmer lṅaṅya (stupid, obtuse, ignorant) > Khmer ល្ងង់ (lngŭəng)).

Bauer (1996) suggests that this root may have entered Old Southern Chinese during the period of its early contact with Tai-speaking peoples in southern China.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Wu) stupid; foolish; simple; simple-minded
  2. (dialectal Mandarin) stubborn; bull-headed
  3. (dialectal Mandarin) frank; honest; straight
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“stupid”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan , ,
Chengdu , ,
Yangzhou , 木足,
Hefei ,
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Dongguan , ,
Yangjiang ,
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian ,
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan , 二不楞
Min Bei Jian'ou ,
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou , 潲面 vulgar
Zhangzhou , 潲面 vulgar
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou , 白仁
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou ,
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune–Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: tráng ((trắc)(giáng)(thiết))[1]

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References[edit]