Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
或-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

或-oracle.svg 或-bronze.svg 或-bigseal.svg 或-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  + , "territory".

Borrowed for abstract meanings. The derivative and refer to the original word.

Note that is not derived from 或, and that the characters 口一 are stacked in the opposite order in these characters. Both are ultimately from ‎(halberd, spear).

Han character[edit]

(radical 62 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈口一 (IRM), four-corner 53100, composition)

  1. or, either, else
  2. perhaps, maybe
  3. someone, somebody, some people

Usage notes[edit]

While 或 is both a traditional and simplified character (it was not simplified), it is simplified as a component of the character .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 412, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 754, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1402, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6216

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (或), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡國切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwək̚/ /ɣwək̚/ /ɣuək̚/ /ɦʷək̚/ /ɦwək̚/ /ɣuək̚/ /ɣuək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huò ‹ hwok › /*[ɢ]ʷˤək/ some; or

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5548 0 /*ɡʷɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. or, either ... or
      ―  huòduōhuòshào  ―  more or less, some amount
    中國日本生產電腦 / 中国日本生产电脑  ―  Zhōngguó huò Rìběn shēngchǎn de diànnǎo  ―  a computer manufactured in China or Japan
    可以以上語言 / 可以以上语言  ―  kěyǐ shuō liǎng zhǒng huò liǎng zhǒng yǐshàng de yǔyán  ―  able to speak two or more languages
  2. perhaps, maybe
    代表團出發明天上午到達 [MSC, trad.]
    代表团出发明天上午到达 [MSC, simp.]
    Dàibiǎotuán yǐ chūfā, míngtiān shàngwǔ huò kě dàodá. [Pinyin]
    The delegation has set out, and will probably arrive tomorrow morning.
  3. occasionally, sometimes
  4. someone, some people, something

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hwik › /*[ɢ]ʷrək/ territory

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“range, territory”).
  2. Alternative form of (“country”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hok) (hangeul , revised hok, McCune-Reischauer hok, Yale hok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoặc, hoắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.