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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bruːd, *boːd, *bod): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic  ‎(OC *boːd) – a hand pulls.

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手戈大水 (QIKE) or 手戈大大 (QIKK), four-corner 53047, composition)

  1. uproot, pull out

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 426, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11959
  • Dae Jaweon: page 774, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1850, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+62D4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pa³⁵/
Harbin /pa²⁴/
/pa⁵³/ ~勁
Tianjin /pɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pa⁴²/
Qingdao /pa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pa⁴²/
Xi'an /pa²⁴/
Xining /pa²⁴/
Yinchuan /pa¹³/
Lanzhou /pa⁵³/
Ürümqi /pa⁵¹/
Wuhan /pa²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰa³¹/
Guiyang /pa²¹/
Kunming /pa̠³¹/
Nanjing /pɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /pɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /paʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /pʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /pa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /baʔ¹/
Suzhou /baʔ³/
Hangzhou /bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰa²²/
Tunxi /pʰuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /pʰɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐt̚²/
Nanning /pat̚²²/
Hong Kong /pɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pat̚⁵/
/puiʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pa²⁴/
/pai⁵⁴/
/pi⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /puak̚⁵/
/poiʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbuak̚⁵/
/ʔbe³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (3)
Final: (68)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʉɐt̚/ /bʷiɐt̚/ /biuɐt̚/ /buat̚/ /biuɐt̚/ /bĭwɐn/ /bʱi̯wɐt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (3)
Final: (64)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bó
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/buɑt̚/ /bʷɑt̚/ /buɑt̚/ /bwat̚/ /buɑt̚/ /buɑt̚/ /bʱuɑt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (3)
Final: (75)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/bɣɛt̚/ /bɯæt̚/ /bæt̚/ /bəɨt̚/ /bɛt̚/ /bæt̚/ /bʱat̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bɛt › /*bˤ<r>ot/ uproot
bèi ‹ bajH › /*bˤot-s/ thinned out (forest)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
130 2 /*bruːd/
145 3 /*boːd/
155 3 /*bod/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]

Expressions[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bal, pae) (hangeul , , revised bal, pae, McCune-Reischauer pal, p'ae, Yale pal, phay)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bạt, bặt, gạt, vạt)

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