拾遺

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Chinese

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pick up; ten (fraud-proof) to lose; to leave behind
trad. (拾遺)
simp. (拾遗)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (25) (36)
Final () (141) (16)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter dzyip ywij
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /jiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑip̚/ /jʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjep̚/ /juɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑip̚/ /jwi/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəp̚/ /ui/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕp̚/ /jwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əp̚/ /wi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí wéi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sap6 wai4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyip › ‹ ywij ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d][ə]p/ /*[ɢ](r)uj/
English pick up, gather leave; reject

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 5001 4741
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjub/ /*lul/

Verb

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拾遺

  1. to appropriate lost property
  2. to make good omissions (often used in book titles)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (拾遺):
  • Japanese: (しゅう)() (shūi)
  • Korean: 습유(拾遺) (seubyu)

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: 3

Grade: 6
kan'on

Etymology

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/ɕipu wi//ɕiɸuwi//ɕiuwi//ɕɨːwi//ɕɨːi/

From Middle Chinese 拾遺 (MC dzyip ywij).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(しゅう)() (shūiしふゐ (sifwi)?

  1. a gleaning, especially of missed works in a book or unpublished poems of an anthology
  2. (historical) Chinese equivalent of 侍従 (jijū): an equerry in the imperial ministry of the center
  3. (historical) in China, compensation for a ruler's negligence; also a government official who admonishes for the ruler's said act(s)
  4. a kind of 薫き物 (takimono, mixture of aromatic woods)

Derived terms

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Verb

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(しゅう)()する (shūi suruしふゐ (sifwi)?suru (stem (しゅう)() (shūi shi), past (しゅう)()した (shūi shita))

  1. to glean especially missed works in a book

Conjugation

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Proper noun

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(しゅう)() (Shūiしふゐ (sifwi)?

  1. Short for 拾遺和歌集 (Shūi Wakashū): the third of the imperial waka anthologies

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN