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U+638C, 掌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-638C

[U+638B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+638D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 火月口手 (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition𫩠 or ⿱𠰅)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𤓯

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
掌-seal.svg 掌-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaŋʔ): phonetic (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ciēng - vernacular (“finger”);
  • ciōng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chiúⁿ/chióⁿ - vernacular (“palm”);
    • chńg/chéng/chín - vernacular (“finger”, often written as , e.g. 掌甲, 掌頭仔);
    • chióng/chiáng - literary.
    Note:
    • zion2 - Shantou;
    • ziên2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zoeng2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyangX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k.t]aŋʔ/
    English palm of the hand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjaŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. palm of hand
    2. (Min) finger
    3. sole of foot
    4. shoe sole or heel
    5. horseshoe
    6. to slap
    7. to hold
    8. to control
    9. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)
    10. (Sichuanese) to support; to hold

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Mongolian: зан (zan, sole)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. palm of the hand
    2. manipulate
    3. rule; administer

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    てのひら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spellings
    手の平
    手のひら

    From (te, hand) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (hira, flat). Compare English flat of one's hand.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (てのひら) (te-no-hira

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たなうら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (ta, hand) +‎ (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ (ura, back side; bottom side; face-down side; palmar/plantar side)

    Noun[edit]

    (たなうら) (tanaura

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たなごころ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (ta, hand) +‎ (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ (kokoro, heart; inside) The kokoro changes to gokoro as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Noun[edit]

    (たなごころ) (tanagokoro

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨɐŋX)

    Suffix[edit]

    (しょう) (-shōしやう (syau)?

    1. (martial arts) used in the names of moves that involve hitting and pushing hard with the palm
      (じゅう)(けん)(ぽう) (はっ)()(ろく)(じゅう)(よん)(しょう)
      Jūkenpō Hakke Rokujūyonshō
      kenpō: Eight Trigrams, Sixty-Four Palms

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨɐŋX). Recorded as Middle Korean 쟈ᇰ〯 (Yale: cyang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 손바닥 (sonbadak jang))

    1. Hanja form? of (palm of the hand).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: chưởng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.