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U+638C, 掌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-638C

[U+638B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+638D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 火月口手 (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
掌-seal.svg 掌-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
*taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*tjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*hjaŋʔ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋs
*tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ciēng - vernacular (“finger”);
  • ciōng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chiúⁿ/chióⁿ - vernacular (“palm”);
    • chńg/chéng/chín - vernacular (“finger”, often written as , e.g. 掌甲, 掌頭仔);
    • chióng/chiáng - literary.
    Note:
    • zion2 - Shantou;
    • ziên2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyangX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k.t]aŋʔ/
    English palm of the hand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjaŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. palm of hand
    2. sole of foot
    3. shoe sole or heel
    4. horseshoe
    5. to slap
    6. to hold
    7. to control
    8. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)
    9. (Sichuan) to support; to hold

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    てのひら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (te, hand) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (hira, flat). Compare English flat of one's hand.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana てのひら, rōmaji te no hira)

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たなうら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (ta, hand) +‎ (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ (ura, back side; bottom side; face-down side; palmar/plantar side)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たなうら, rōmaji tanaura)

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たなごころ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From (ta, hand) +‎ (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ (kokoro, heart; inside)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たなごころ, rōmaji tanagokoro)

    1. (anatomy) a palm

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しょう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨɐŋX)

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana しょう, rōmaji -shō, historical hiragana しやう)

    1. (martial arts) used in the names of moves that involve hitting and pushing hard with the palm
       (じゅう) (けん) (ぽう)  (はっ) () (ろく) (じゅう) (よん) (しょう)
      Jūkenpō Hakke Rokujūyonshō
      kenpō: Eight Trigrams, Sixty-Four Palms
      • 2003 September 22, Uraku, Akinobu, “だい60 しょうじょけつ [Chapter 60: A Girl’s Resolve]”, in とうきょうアンダーグラウンド [Tokyo Underground], volume 11 (fiction), Square Enix, →ISBN, pages 30–31:
        これがこの (セキ) (スー) (ペイ) (ちょう) (てん)たらしめる (ほのお)だッ!!! () (りゅう) (そう) (れん) (しょう)
        Kore ga kono Seki o Sūpei no chōten tarashimeru honō da'!!! Garyū Sōrenshō
        This is the flame that helped put me, Seki, at the top of the Supei!!! Garyū Sōrenshō

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 손바닥 (sonbadak jang))

    1. Hanja form? of 손바닥 (palm of the hand).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chưởng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.