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U+638C, 掌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-638C

[U+638B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+638D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 火月口手 (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
掌-bigseal.svg 掌-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
taːŋ, *taːŋs
taːŋ
taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
taːŋ
taːŋ
taːŋ, *taːŋs
taːŋ, *taːŋs
taːŋ
taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
taːŋʔ
taːŋʔ
taːŋs
taːŋs
taːŋs
tʰaːŋ
tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
tʰaːŋ
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋʔ
hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋʔ
tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
daːŋ
daːŋ
daːŋ
daːŋ
daːŋ
daːŋ
daːŋ
tjaŋʔ
tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
tʰjaŋʔ
tʰjaŋʔ
tʰjaŋʔ
djaŋ
djaŋ
djaŋ
djaŋ
djaŋ, *djaŋs
djaŋ
djaŋ
djaŋ
djaŋ, *djaŋs
hjaŋʔ
rtʰaːŋ
rtʰaːŋ
rtʰaːŋ
rtʰaːŋ
rtʰaːŋs
tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chióng/chiáng - literary;
  • chiúⁿ/chióⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k.t]aŋʔ/
English palm of the hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11146
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. palm of hand
  2. sole of foot
  3. shoe sole or heel
  4. horseshoe
  5. to slap
  6. to hold
  7. to control
  8. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)
  9. (Sichuan) to support; to hold

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てのひら, rōmaji tenohira)

  1. the palm (flat of the hand)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chưởng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.