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U+638C, 掌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-638C

[U+638B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+638D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 火月口手 (FBRQ), four-corner 90502, composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 437, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 786, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1889, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+638C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
掌-bigseal.svg 掌-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
*taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*tjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*hjaŋʔ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋs
*tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaŋʔ): phonetic (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chióng/chiáng - literary;
  • chiúⁿ/chióⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k.t]aŋʔ/
English palm of the hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11146
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjaŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. palm of hand
  2. sole of foot
  3. shoe sole or heel
  4. horseshoe
  5. to slap
  6. to hold
  7. to control
  8. (dialectal Mandarin) to put (seasoning)

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana てのひら, romaji tenohira)

  1. the palm (flat of the hand)

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chưởng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.