損なう

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Japanese

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Kanji in this term
そこ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
害う

Pronunciation

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  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "損なう"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
損なう こな [sòkónáꜜù]
Imperative (命令形) 損なえ こな [sòkónáꜜè]
Key constructions
Passive 損なわれる こなわれ [sòkónáwáréꜜrù]
Causative 損なわせる こなわせ [sòkónáwáséꜜrù]
Potential 損なえる こなえ [sòkónáéꜜrù]
Volitional 損なおう こなお [sòkónáóꜜò]
Negative 損なわない こなわない [sòkónáwáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 損なわなかった こなわなかった [sòkónáwáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 損ないます こないま [sòkónáímáꜜsù]
Perfective 損なった こなった [sòkónáꜜttà]
Conjunctive 損なって こなって [sòkónáꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 損なえば こなえば [sòkónáꜜèbà]

Verb

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(そこ)なう (sokonauそこなふ (sokonafu)?transitive godan (stem (そこ)ない (sokonai), past (そこ)なった (sokonatta))

  1. to damage, to spoil, to blemish

Conjugation

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Suffix

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(そこ)なう (-sokonauそこなふ (sokonafu)?godan (stem (そこ)ない (-sokonai), past (そこ)なった (-sokonatta))

  1. to fail to do
  2. almost; nearly; narrowly

Usage notes

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Attaches to the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verbs.

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN