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U+644E, 摎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-644E

[U+644D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+644F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 手尸一竹 (QSMH), four-corner 57022, composition)

  1. to strangle
  2. to inquire into

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 449, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12564
  • Dae Jaweon: page 799, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1950, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+644E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruːw
*ruːw, *rɯːws
*ɡ·ruːw, *krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw
賿 *rrɯːw, *rrɯːwʔ
*rrɯːw
*krɯːw, *krɯːws, *kʰrɯːw
*krɯːw
*krɯːw, *rɯw
*riw, *rɯːw
*riws, *rɯːw, *rɯwʔ
*rɯːw, *rɯːws, *rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯw
*rɯːw
*rɯːw
*ɡ·rɯːw, *ɡ·rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯːwɢ
*rɯːwʔ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯːwʔ
*mɡlɯw, *rɯwɢs, *mɡrɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mlɯw, *mɡrɯw, *mrɯws, *mlɯwɢ
*rɯw, *rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*rɯw
*rɯw, *rɯws
*rɯw, *rɯw
*rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*r̥ʰɯw
*ɡlɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mrɯws
*ɡ·rɯw, *ɡrɯw, *ɡrɯwʔ
*krɯw
*ruːwɢ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (37)
Final () (90) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/ /lɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/ /liu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/ /liəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/ /luw/
Li
Rong
/kau/ /liu/
Wang
Li
/kau/ /lĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/ /li̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo liú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiū liú
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjiw › ‹ ljuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-riw/ (dialect: *k-r- > *kr-) /*[r]iw/
English tie around, strangle tie around, strangle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8352 8374
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːw/ /*rɯw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]