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See also:
U+64B3, 撳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64B3

[U+64B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64B4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 手金弓人 (QCNO), four-corner 57080, composition)

  1. to press
  2. push

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 457, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12771
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1960, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+64B3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːm, *kɯːms
*ŋɯːmʔ, *ŋ̊ʰrɯm, *ŋ̊ʰɯmʔ
*krɯm
*krɯmʔ
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ŋɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*ŋɡrɯmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰrɯms): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *kʰrɯm)

Etymology[edit]

Probably a Kra-Dai substrate word. Compare Thai ข่ม (kòm, to press something down), Zhuang gaemh (to press downwards), Lingao xɔm⁴ (to press). This word is found in many southern Chinese dialects, including Yue, Hakka, Southwestern Mandarin, Hakka and Wu.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰjemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰimH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qìn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6686
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰrɯms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal) to press down firmly on
    入實驗室緊急掣 [Cantonese, trad.]
    入实验室紧急掣 [Cantonese, simp.]
    jap6 sat6 jim6 sat1 gam6 gan2 gap1 zai3 [Jyutping]
    enter the laboratory and press the emergency stop (tongue-twister)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): きん (kin)
  • Kun: おさえる (osaeru)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: khấm, khẩm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]