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See also:
U+64C1, 擁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64C1

[U+64C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64C2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手卜女土 (QYVG), four-corner 50014, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 457, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 806, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1972, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+64C1

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
擁-bronze.svg 擁-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qoːŋʔ, *qoŋ
*qoːŋs
*qoːŋs
*qoːŋs, *qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋʔ, *qoŋs
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ
*qoŋ, *qoŋʔ
*qoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qoŋ, *qoŋʔ): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *qoŋ, *qoŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𢹬
𢹭
𢺠
𢶜

Note:
  • é̤ṳng - colloquial;
  • ṳ̆ng - literary.
  • Min Nan

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨoŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔioŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔioŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔuawŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔioŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭwoŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯woŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǒng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 15416 15418
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qoŋ/ /*qoŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to embrace; to hug someone
    2. to wrap around; to squeeze
    3. to gather around; to crowd
    4. to provide support
    5. to have something
    6. crowd of people
    7. (dialectal Mandarin) to push
      使勁 [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
      使劲 [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
      Wǒ shǐjìn yī yōng, éi, mén kāi le. [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms
    𢫨
    𢶜

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) to push
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to push”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Zhengzhou
    Xuzhou
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 宿𢱤
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 𢱤
    Xingning 𢱤
    Huidong 𢱤
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting 𢱤
    Pingyu 𢱤
    Wuping 𢱤
    Liancheng 𢱤
    Ninghua 𢱤
    Yudu 𢱤
    Ruijin 𢱤
    Shicheng 𢱤
    Shangyou 𢱤
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𢱤
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𢱤
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𢱤
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𢱤
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𢱤
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𢳪
    Hong Kong 𢱤
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𢱤
    Min Dong Fuzhou 𢱤
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to hold
    2. to embrace
    3. to protect

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨoŋX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ong, Yale ong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ủng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]