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See also:
U+64CD, 操
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64CD

[U+64CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64CE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手口口木 (QRRD), four-corner 56094, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 458, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12806
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1969, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+64CD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
操-seal.svg 操-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰaːw, *sʰaːws): semantic (hand) + phonetic (OC *saːws).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chhau - vernacular;
  • chho/chho͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰaw/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑu/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cou1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˁawʔ/
English grasp (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16571
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːw/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to conduct
  2. to run
  3. to control
  4. to manage
  5. (military) to drill
  6. to have sb. overwork
  7. to speak (an accent)
  8. calisthenics
  9. exercise
  10. A surname.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • chhau/chhó - vernacular;
  • chho/chho͘ - literary;
  • chhò/chhò͘ - literary (limited, e.g. 曹操).

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰawH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cào
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cou3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˁawʔ-s/
English (what is grasped:) principles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16575
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰaːws/
Definitions[edit]

  1. conduct; behaviour
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (vulgar) Alternative form of (cào, “to fuck”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. chastity
  2. fidelity
  3. honor
  4. faith

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(みさお) (Misao

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

“to control; etc.”

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰɑu, “to grasp”).

Historical readings
“conduct; behaviour”

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰɑuH, “principles”).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (conduct; to control; to drill; to operate; etc.):
  • (in 操鍊, 操船, 操心, 操業, 操典, 操車, and 操舵):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕo̞(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 잡을 (jabeul jo))

  1. Hanja form? of (conduct; behaviour).
  2. Hanja form? of (to control; to manage).
  3. Hanja form? of (to drill; to train).
  4. Hanja form? of (to operate; to manipulate).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thao, tháo, thạo, xáo, thảo

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.