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U+653E, 放
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-653E

[U+653D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+653F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
放-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人大 (YSOK), four-corner 08240, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 469, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 818, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1451, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+653E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*paːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *praːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ, *braːŋ
*paːŋʔ
*paːŋʔ, *paːŋs, *baːŋ
*paːŋs, *braːŋ
*paːŋs, *paŋs
*paːŋs
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ, *pʰraːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋ
*pʰaːŋʔ, *baːŋ
*baːŋ, *pʰaŋʔ
*baːŋ, *paŋ, *paŋs
*baːŋ, *baŋ
*baːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *praːŋ, *braːŋ
*baːŋ, *baːŋs
*baːŋ
*baːŋ
*baːŋs
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*praːŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *pʰaŋs
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ, *baŋ
*paŋ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ
*paŋʔ, *paŋs
*paŋʔ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ
*pʰaŋ, *pʰaŋs
*pʰaŋʔ
仿 *pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋʔ
*pʰaŋs
*baŋ, *baŋs
*baŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paŋʔ, *paŋs): phonetic (OC *paŋ, *baŋ) + semantic (hand, action) – an action, release.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /faŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /fɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /faŋ²¹/
Qingdao /faŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /faŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /faŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /fɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /fɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /fɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /fɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /faŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /faŋ¹³/
Guiyang /faŋ²¹³/
Kunming /fã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /faŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /fɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ³⁵/
/xuə³⁵/
Hohhot /fɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /fɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /fɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /fɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /huɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /fo³²⁴/
Tunxi /fau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /fan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /hɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /foŋ⁵³/ 開~
/pioŋ⁵³/ ~學
Taoyuan /foŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɔŋ³³/
Nanning /fɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /fɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²¹/
/paŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ³³/
/xuɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ²¹³/
/paŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³⁵/
/ʔbaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (106) (106)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉɐŋX/ /pʉɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷiɐŋX/ /pʷiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuɑŋX/ /piuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puaŋX/ /puaŋH/
Li
Rong
/piuaŋX/ /piuaŋH/
Wang
Li
/pĭwaŋX/ /pĭwaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piwaŋX/ /piwaŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fǎng fàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fǎng fàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjangX › ‹ pjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*paŋʔ/ /*paŋ-s/
English imitate release; let go

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3036 3038
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paŋʔ/ /*paŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to release; to free; to liberate; to let out
  2. to place something (down somewhere)
  3. to put on; to play (a recording)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. set free
  2. release
  3. fire
  4. shoot
  5. emit
  6. banish
  7. liberate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bang) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phóng, phúng, phưng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.