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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
放-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paŋʔ, *paŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *paŋ, *baŋ) + semantic  ‎(hand, action) – an action, release.

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人大 (YSOK), four-corner 08240, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 469, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 818, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1451, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+653E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /faŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /fɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /faŋ²¹/
Qingdao /faŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /faŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /faŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /fɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /fɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /fɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /fɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /faŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /faŋ¹³/
Guiyang /faŋ²¹³/
Kunming /fã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /faŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /fɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ³⁵/
/xuə³⁵/
Hohhot /fɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /fɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /fɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /fɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /huɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /fo³²⁴/
Tunxi /fau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /fan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /hɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /foŋ⁵³/ 開~
/pioŋ⁵³/ ~學
Taoyuan /foŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɔŋ³³/
Nanning /fɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /fɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²¹/
/paŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ³³/
/xuɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ²¹³/
/paŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³⁵/
/ʔbaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (106) (106)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉɐŋX/ /pʉɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷiɐŋX/ /pʷiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuɑŋX/ /piuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puaŋX/ /puaŋH/
Li
Rong
/piuaŋX/ /piuaŋH/
Wang
Li
/pĭwaŋX/ /pĭwaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piwaŋX/ /piwaŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fǎng fàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fǎng fàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjangX › ‹ pjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*paŋʔ/ /*paŋ-s/
English imitate release; let go

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3036 3038
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*paŋʔ/ /*paŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to release, to free, to liberate; to let out
  2. to place something (down somewhere)
  3. to put on, to play (a recording)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. set free
  2. release
  3. fire
  4. shoot
  5. emit
  6. banish
  7. liberate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bang) (hangeul , revised bang, McCune-Reischauer pang, Yale pang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phóng, phúng, phưng)

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