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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
放-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paŋʔ, *paŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *paŋ, *baŋ) + semantic  ‎(hand, action) – an action, release.

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人大 (YSOK), four-corner 08240, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 469, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 818, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1451, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+653E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /faŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /fɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /faŋ²¹/
Qingdao /faŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /faŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /faŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /fɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /fɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /fɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /fɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /faŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /faŋ¹³/
Guiyang /faŋ²¹³/
Kunming /fã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /faŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /fɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ³⁵/
/xuə³⁵/
Hohhot /fɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /fɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /fɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /fɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /huɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /fo³²⁴/
Tunxi /fau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /fan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /hɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /foŋ⁵³/ 開~
/pioŋ⁵³/ ~學
Taoyuan /foŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɔŋ³³/
Nanning /fɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /fɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²¹/
/paŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pouŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ³³/
/xuɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ²¹³/
/paŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³⁵/
/ʔbaŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (1)
Final: (106)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fǎng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʉɐŋX/ /pʷiɐŋX/ /piuɑŋX/ /puaŋX/ /piuaŋX/ /pĭwaŋX/ /piwaŋX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final: (106)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʉɐŋH/ /pʷiɐŋH/ /piuɑŋH/ /puaŋH/ /piuaŋH/ /pĭwaŋH/ /piwaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fǎng ‹ pjangX › /*paŋʔ/ imitate
fàng ‹ pjangH › /*paŋ-s/ release; let go

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3036 0 /*paŋʔ/
3038 0 /*paŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to release, to free, to liberate; to let out
  2. to place something (down somewhere)
  3. to put on, to play (a recording)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. set free
  2. release
  3. fire
  4. shoot
  5. emit
  6. banish
  7. liberate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bang) (hangeul , revised bang, McCune-Reischauer pang, Yale pang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phóng, phúng, phưng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.