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U+6562, 敢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6562

[U+6561]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6563]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +7 in Chinese, 攴+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 12 strokes, cangjie input 一十人大 (MJOK) or 弓十人大 (NJOK), four-corner 18140, composition ⿰⿱)

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 472, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13260
  • Dae Jaweon: page 825, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1463, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6562

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːm, *kʰreːmʔ, *ɡraːmʔ
*l̥ʰaːms, *klaːmʔ
*l'aːmʔ
*klaːmʔ
*klaːmʔ
*kʰlaːms
*kʰlaːms, *qʰreːmʔ, *hŋraːms
*qʰaːm, *qʰlaːms
*qʰlaːms, *qʰraːms, *qʰraːb
*ŋraːm
*ŋraːm, *ŋamʔ
*qʰraːmʔ
*kjam
*hŋramʔ
*ŋam
*ŋamʔ
*ŋamʔ
*ŋams

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • káⁿ - vernacular;
  • kám - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kan²¹⁴/
Harbin /kan²¹³/
Tianjin /kan¹³/
Jinan /kã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kan⁵³/
Xi'an /kã⁵³/
Xining /kã⁵³/
Yinchuan /kan⁵³/
Lanzhou /kɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kan⁵¹/
Wuhan /kan⁴²/
Chengdu /kan⁵³/
Guiyang /kan⁴²/
Kunming /kã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /kaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /kæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /kɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /kæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kø³⁵/
Suzhou /kø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ky³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /kɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kam³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑm³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐm³⁵/
Nanning /kam³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐm³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
/kã⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kã⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kamX/
Li
Rong
/kɑmX/
Wang
Li
/kɑmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kamX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤamʔ/
English dare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3674
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dare (to); to venture (to)
    我們必須 [MSC, trad.]
    我们必须 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen bìxū gǎn xiǎng, gǎn shuō, gǎn gàn. [Pinyin]
    We must dare to think, speak up and act.
    眼看  ―  Tā bù gǎn zhèng yǎnkàn tā.  ―  He didn't dare to look at her in the face.
    風雨交加夜晚有人出去 [MSC, trad.]
    风雨交加夜晚有人出去 [MSC, simp.]
    Zài nà ge fēngyǔ jiāojiā de yèwǎn, hěn shào yǒurén gǎn chūqù. [Pinyin]
    Very few people ventured to go out on that stormy night.
    飛機飛行 [MSC, trad.]
    飞机飞行 [MSC, simp.]
    gǎn zuò fēijī fēixíng ma? [Pinyin]
    Will you venture a flight in an air plane?
  2. to be sure; to be certain
    肯定  ―  gǎn kěndìng  ―  to be sure, to be certain
    /   ―  gǎn shuō  ―  to be sure, to be certain
    解決難題 [MSC, trad.]
    解决难题 [MSC, simp.]
    gǎn shuō, nǐ jiějué bù le zhè ge nántí. [Pinyin]
    I bet you can't do this puzzle.
  3. bold; brave
  4. (Min Nan) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 難道 (“could it be that; is it possible that”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 莫非
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 難道
Mandarin Beijing 難道難不成
Taiwan 難道難不成
Cantonese Guangzhou 唔通
Hong Kong 唔通
Taishan 唔成敢係唔得旨毋旨毋旨估
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 無成敢講敢係
Liudui (S. Sixian) 無成敢講敢係
Hsinchu (Hailu) 無成敢講敢係
Dongshi (Dabu) 無成敢講敢會敢係
Zhuolan (Raoping) 無成毋成敢講敢係
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 無敢敢講敢會敢係
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gam, McCune-Reischauer: kam, Yale: kam)
    • Name (hangeul): 감히
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cám, cảm, dám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.