Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+6572, 敲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6572

[U+6571]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6573]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜水 (YBYE), four-corner 01247, composition)

  1. strike, beat, pound, hammer
  2. to rap

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 474, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 828, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1471, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6572

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
敲-bigseal.svg 敲-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːw
*kaːw, *kaːws
*kaːw
稿 *kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ, *kʰaːws
*kaːwʔ, *kʰaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ, *kaːws
*kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ
*kʰaːwʔ
*kʰaːwʔ, *kʰaːws, *qʰaːw
*kʰaːws
*qʰaːw
*qʰaːws, *qʰraːw, *qʰraw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːwʔ
*ɡaːwʔ, *qʰraːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ, *kʰraːw, *qʰaːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ, *qʰaːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ
*kruːʔ
*kʰraːw, *kʰraːws
*qʰraːw
*qʰraːw, *qʰraːws, *qʰaːwɢ
*kʰl'awʔ
*qʰraw, *qʰoːwɢ
*qʰaːwɢ, *qʰraːwɢ
*qʰaːwɢ, *qʰoːwɢ, *qʰoːɡ
*kʰraːwɢ
*kʰraːwɢ
*kʰraːwɢ
*qʰraːwɢ, *ɡraːwɢ, *ɡoːwɢ
*qʰraːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰraːw, *kʰraːws): phonetic (OC *kaːw) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan khà, which may be etymologically unrelated.


Note:
  • khau/khàu - literary;
  • khà - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰiɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰiau²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰɔ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰiau⁵⁵/ 推~
/kʰau⁵⁵/ ~門
Chengdu /kʰau⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiau⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰao⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰɔ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kʰɔo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰiɔo³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiɔ²¹/
/kʰɔ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiau¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiɔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiæ⁵⁵/
/kʰæ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɔ³³/
Wenzhou /kʰuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiɔ³¹/
/kʰɔ³¹/
Tunxi /kʰo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰiau³³/
/kʰau³³/
Xiangtan /kʰaɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɑu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiau⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hau⁵³/
Nanning /hau⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hau⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰau⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰiau³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xau²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠau/ /kʰˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚau/ /kʰᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨw/ /kʰaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Wang
Li
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰau/ /kʰauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāo qiào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3757 3759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰraːw/ /*kʰraːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hit, to strike, to tap, to rap, to knock
  2. to rip off, to overcharge
  3. to blackmail

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Verb[edit]

  1. to knock

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go, gyo) (hangeul , , revised go, gyo, McCune-Reischauer ko, kyo, Yale ko, kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xao, xào, sao)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.