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U+65B0, 新
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65B0

[U+65AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65B1]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
新-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 69 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜木竹一中 (YDHML), four-corner 02921, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 480, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2026, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+65B0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰins, *sʰrins
*sʰins, *ʔsrin, *sʰrins
*siŋ
*siŋ
*siŋ
*sʰrins
*sʰrins
*tshrinh
*sriŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siŋ): phonetic (OC *siŋ, hazelnut tree) + semantic (axe) – to cut down a tree with an axe (hence starting something new).

Also ideogrammic compound (會意). Original form of (OC *siŋ, “firewood”).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Burmese သစ်(sac, new). Compare the cognacy between (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) and Burmese သစ်(sac, wood; timber).

This word may belong to the Sino-Tibetan stem Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ(alive, fresh, green) and may hence be related to (OC *sʰleːŋ, “green”) as well as (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sin³³/
Xiangtan /sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tsʰi[n]/
English new

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13811
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. new; fresh
    Antonyms: (jiù)
    電腦 / 电脑  ―  xīn diànnǎo  ―  new computer
  2. newly; freshly; recently
    建成超市  ―  xīn jiànchéng de chāoshì  ―  newly built supermarket
  3. neo- (prefix)
    納粹 / 纳粹  ―  xīn nàcuì  ―  neo-Nazi
  4. (chemistry) meso-
  5. A surname​. Xin
  6. Short for 新疆 (Xīnjiāng).
  7. Short for 新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin-)

  1. new
    • Light Yagami from Death Note
       (ぼく) (しん)世界 (せかい) (かみ)だ。
      Boku wa shinsekai no kami da.
      I am god of the new world.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tâng, huy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.