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U+65B0, 新
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65B0

[U+65AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65B1]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes
Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

  • In mainland China, the bottom left component is written , giving .
  • In Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, the bottom left component is written 𣎳, giving .
  • In Japan and Korea, the bottom left component is written , giving .

Han character[edit]

(radical 69, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜木竹一中 (YDHML), four-corner 02921, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 480, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2026, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+65B0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
新-oracle.svg 新-bronze.svg 新-silk.svg 新-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰins, *sʰrins
*sʰins, *ʔsrin, *sʰrins
*siŋ
*siŋ
*siŋ
*sʰrins
*sʰrins
*t͡sʰrinh
*sriŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siŋ): phonetic  (OC *siŋ, hazelnut tree) + semantic  (axe) – to cut down a tree with an axe (hence starting something new).

Also ideogrammic compound (會意). Original form of (OC *siŋ, “firewood”).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan; cognate with Burmese သစ် (sac, new). Compare the cognacy between (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) and Burmese သစ် (sac, wood; timber).

This word may belong to the Sino-Tibetan stem Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ (alive, fresh, green) and may hence be related to (OC *sʰleːŋ, “green”) as well as (OC *siŋ, “firewood”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: sêng1 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sin³³/
Xiangtan /sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tsʰi[n]/
English new

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13811
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. new; fresh
    Antonyms: (jiù)
    電腦 / 电脑  ―  xīn diànnǎo  ―  new computer
  2. newly; freshly; recently
    建成超市  ―  xīn jiànchéng de chāoshì  ―  newly built supermarket
  3. neo- (prefix)
    納粹 / 纳粹  ―  xīn nàcuì  ―  neo-Nazi
  4. (chemistry) meso-
  5. A surname​. Xin
  6. (~朝) Xin dynasty
  7. Short for 新疆 (Xīnjiāng).
  8. Short for 新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō).
  9. Short for 新西蘭新西兰 (Xīn Xīlán).
    银行  ―  àoxīnyínxíng  ―  Australia and New Zealand Banking Corporation (ANZ Bank)

See also[edit]

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. new
  2. change, reform

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/sin//ɕin/

From Middle Chinese (MC siɪn).

Compare modern Mandarin (xīn), Hakka (sîn), Min Nan (sin), and Wu (xin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, rōmaji shin)

  1. a novelty
    Antonym: (kyū)
  2. Short for 新暦 (shinreki): the Gregorian calendar
  3. Short for 新株 (shinkabu) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  4. Short for 新銀 (shingin) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  5. Short for 新造 (shinzō) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana しん, rōmaji shin-)

  1. neo-
      (しん) () (かい)
    Shinsekai
    the New World
      (しん) (やく) (せい) (しょ)
    shinyaku seisho
    the New Testament
  2. attached to the title of a fiction work to mean new storyline, to distinguish it from older works
     (しん) (てっ) (けん)チンミ
    Shin Tekken Chinmi
    New Ironfist Chinmi
  3. attached to the title of a fiction adaptation to mean remake, to distinguish it from older adaptations
    Lois & Clark  (しん)スーパーマン
    Lois & Clark Shin Sūpāman
    Lois & Clark: New Superman
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. (historical) the Xin dynasty (8-23 CE)
  2. a placename
  3. a surname
  4. a male or female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
にい
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨nipi1/nipʲi//nifi//niwi//niː/

From Old Japanese, ultimately from Proto-Japonic *nipi.

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana にい, rōmaji nii-)

  1. new, novel
  2. fresh
  3. original
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
あら
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Extension of , (ara, crude, raw).

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana あら, rōmaji ara-)

  1. new
  2. unused
  3. natural
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あら, rōmaji Ara)

  1. a surname

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
さら
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “-s- infix form or from prefix (sa-)?”

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さら, rōmaji sara)

  1. something unused
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana さら, rōmaji Sara)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
あら(た)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Nominalization of adjective 新た (arata, new).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あらた, rōmaji Arata)

  1. a male or female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (sae sin))

  1. new

Compounds[edit]


Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(hiragana みーせん, romaji miisen)

  1. new

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(hiragana みㇲ゙, romaji miz)

  1. new

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(hiragana みーさん, romaji miisan)

  1. new

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tâng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yaeyama[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(hiragana みぃーさん, romaji mïïsan)

  1. new