Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
新-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hazelnut tree) +  ‎(axe) – to cut down a tree with an axe (hence starting something new). 亲/辛 also used for phonetic value.

Han character[edit]

(radical 69 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜木竹一中 (YDHML), four-corner 02921, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 480, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2026, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+65B0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕin⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕin²¹/
Jinan /ɕiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /siə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sin²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiẽ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sin³³/
Xiangtan /sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪn/ /si̯ĕn/ /siĕn/ /sin/ /sin/ /sĭĕn/ /sjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sin › /*s.tsʰi[n]/ new

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13811 2 /*siŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. new; fresh
    電腦運行 / 电脑运行  ―  Nǐ de xīn diànnǎo yùnxíng dé hǎo ma?  ―  Does your new computer run well?
    鮭魚二月上市 [MSC, trad.]
    鲑鱼二月上市 [MSC, simp.]
    Xīn guīyú èryuè qián bù shàngshì, duì ma? [Pinyin]
    Fresh salmon doesn't come in before February, does it?
  2. newly; freshly; recently
    正在建成超市 [MSC, trad.]
    正在建成超市 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ zhèngzài zhǎo yī ge xīn jiànchéng de chāoshì. [Pinyin]
    I'm looking for the newly built supermarket
  3. neo- (prefix)
    納粹 / 纳粹  ―  xīn nàcuì  ―  neo-Nazi
  4. (chemistry) meso-
  5. A surname​. Xin
  6. Abbreviation of 新疆 ‎(Xinjiang).
  7. Abbreviation of 新加坡 ‎(Singapore).

Antonyms[edit]

  • (jiù, “old, former”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana しん, romaji shin-)

  1. new
    • Light Yagami from Death Note
       (ぼく) (しん)世界 (せかい) (かみ)だ。
      Boku wa shinsekai no kami da.
      I am god of the new world.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, tâng, huy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.