旅人

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(tabi, travel) +‎ ‎(hito, person).[1][2] The hito changes to bito due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana たびびと, romaji tabibito)

  1. one who travels: a traveler
Usage notes[edit]

For the traveler sense, the tabibito reading is the most common in modern Japanese.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Either an alteration of tabibito above,[1][2] or a compound of ‎(tabi, travel) +‎ ‎(to, person, suffixing form).[1] Compare the formation of 隼人 ‎(hayato, name of an ancient ethnic group in Japan, literally hawk people), 東人 ‎(azumato, easterner).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana たびと, romaji tabito)

  1. (archaic) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
うど
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

*/tapiputo/*/tabibuto//tabiudo/

Compound of ‎(tabi, travel) +‎ ‎(udo, person).

The term ‎(hito, person) appears in various older compounds with a root form of ‎(*puto → *buto → *udo, *puto → *futo → *uto). This form is never seen in isolation, and it often undergoes further phonetic changes to combine with preceding vowels. Compare the formation of 仲人 ‎(nakōdo), from naka + udo; 素人 ‎(shirōto), from shiro + uto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana たびうど, romaji tabiudo)

  1. (archaic) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 1
Irregular

*/tapiputo/*/tabibuto//tabiudo//tabjuːdo/

Alteration from tabiudo above.[1] Compare the formation of 仲人 ‎(nakōdo), from naka + udo; 素人 ‎(shirōto), from shiro + uto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ta̠βjɯᵝːdo̞]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana たびゅうど, romaji tabyūdo, historical hiragana たびうど)

  1. (uncommon) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
にん
Grade: 1
yutōyomi

Compound of ‎(tabi, travel) +‎ ‎(nin, person; type of person, using the Chinese-derived goon reading).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana たびにん, romaji tabinin)

  1. one who is constantly going from one place to another:
    1. a migrant worker
    2. an itinerant, especially someone like a gambler, mountebank or peddler
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
りょ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From later Middle Chinese compound 旅人 ‎(ljoX ȵʑjen, literally travel + person). Compare modern Mandarin reading lǚrén.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

旅人 ‎(hiragana りょじん, romaji ryojin)

  1. in ancient China, an official title, referring to a commoner in an official government position
  2. one who travels: a traveler

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9