旅人

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Chinese

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trip; travel man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(旅人)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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旅人

  1. (literary) traveller (e.g. hotel guest, passenger, etc.)
  2. (literary) itinerant
  3. (literary) common people
  4. (archaic) official

Synonyms

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  • (traveller):

Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (tabi, travel) +‎ (hito, person).[1][2] The hito changes to bito as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(たび)(びと) (tabibito

  1. one who travels: a traveler
Usage notes
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For the traveler sense, the tabibito reading is the most common in modern Japanese.

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Either an alteration of tabibito above,[1][2] or a compound of (tabi, travel) +‎ (to, person, suffixing form).[1] Compare the formation of 隼人 (hayato, name of an ancient ethnic group in Japan, literally hawk people), 東人 (azumato, easterner).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(たび)() (tabito

  1. (archaic) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
うど
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

*/tapiputo/ → */tabibuto//tabiudo/

Compound of (tabi, travel) +‎ (udo, person).

The term (hito, person) appears in various older compounds with a root form of (*puto → *buto → *udo, *puto → *futo → *uto). This form is never seen in isolation, and it often undergoes further phonetic changes to combine with preceding vowels. Compare the formation of 仲人 (nakōdo), from naka + udo; 素人 (shirōto), from shiro + uto; 玄人 (kurōto), from kuro + uto.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(たび)(うど) (tabiudo

  1. (archaic) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 4

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 1
irregular

*/tapiputo/ → */tabibuto//tabiudo//tabjuːdo/

Alteration from tabiudo above.[1] Compare the formation of 仲人 (nakōdo), from naka + udo; 素人 (shirōto), from shiro + uto.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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旅人(たびゅうど) (tabyūdoたびうど (tabiudo)?

  1. (uncommon) one who travels: a traveler

Etymology 5

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Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
にん
Grade: 1
yutōyomi

Compound of (tabi, travel) +‎ (nin, person; type of person, using the Chinese-derived goon reading).[1][2]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(たび)(にん) (tabinin

  1. one who is constantly going from one place to another:
    1. a migrant worker
    2. an itinerant, especially someone like a gambler, mountebank or peddler
Synonyms
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Etymology 6

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Kanji in this term
りょ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From later Middle Chinese compound 旅人 (ljoX ȵʑjen, literally travel + person). Compare modern Mandarin reading lǚrén.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(りょ)(じん) (ryojin

  1. in ancient China, an official title, referring to a commoner in an official government position
  2. one who travels: a traveler

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN