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U+6634, 昴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6634

[U+6633]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6635]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹竹中 (AHHL), four-corner 60727, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 494, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13865
  • Dae Jaweon: page 858, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1503, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6634

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠauX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚauX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mauX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨwX/
Li
Rong
/mauX/
Wang
Li
/mauX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mauX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǎo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ mæwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁruʔ/
English the Pleiades

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8872
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mruːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. the Pleiades (star cluster)

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ぼう) ()

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the Pleiades (star cluster)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
すばる
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Likely from Old Japanese, use of kanji in Japanese texts first appears in the Tango-no-kuni Fudoki (c. mid-8th century), phonetic spelling first attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō (938 C.E.).

By extension from 統ばる (subaru, to bunch together; to unite, intransitive), due to the way the stars in the constellation all cluster together.[1][2] Compare 統べる (suberu, to command, transitive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(すばる) (Subaru

  1. (astronomy) the Pleiades star cluster, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: プレアデス星団 (Pureadesu-seidan), 昴宿 (Bōshuku), 昴星 (Subaruboshi, Bōsei), 六連星 (Mutsuraboshi)
  2. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
すまる
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Likely from Old Japanese.

Possibly an allusion from 昴の玉 (sumaru no tama, literally cluster of pearls) referenced multiple times in the Kojiki (712 C.E.); probably the original form of Subaru above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) Compare the development of (sume-/sumera-sube-/subera-, prefix of praise and respect to Shinto deities or an Emperor of Japan)

Proper noun[edit]

(すまる) (Sumaru

  1. (astronomy, regional) the Pleiades star cluster, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
  2. a male given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ぼう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/bau//bɔː//boː/

From Middle Chinese (MC mˠauX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ぼう) ( (historical kana ばう)

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Hairy Head constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions, corresponding to the Pleiades star cluster in English
    Synonyms: 昴宿 (Bōshuku), 昴星 (Bōsei)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
たかし
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Nominalization of classical adjective 高し (takashi), modern 高い (takai, high).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

(たかし) (Takashi

  1. a male given name

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
のぼる
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Nominalization of verb 上る, 登る (noboru, to ascend, rise).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

(のぼる) (Noboru

  1. a male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(myo) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer myo, Yale myo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mão, máu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.