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U+66E9, 曩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66E9

[U+66E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66EA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +17, 21 strokes, cangjie input 日卜口女 (AYRV), four-corner 60732, composition)

  1. in ancient times, of old, former

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 501, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 872, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1542, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+66E9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːŋ
*naːŋ, *sraŋ, *hnjaŋs, *njaŋʔ
*naːŋʔ
*naːŋʔ, *naːŋs
*naːŋs
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋs
*snaŋ, *snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ, *njaŋs
*hnjaŋ, *hnjaŋʔ, *hnjaŋs
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ, *njaŋs
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *rnaːŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋs
*njaŋs
*rnoːŋʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naŋX/
Li
Rong
/nɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/nɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ nangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤaŋʔ/
English in past times

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13610
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nang) (hangeul , revised nang, McCune-Reischauer nang, Yale nang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.