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U+66FE, 曾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66FE

[U+66FD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66FF]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 73 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金田日 (CWA), four-corner 80606)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1521, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+66FE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
曾-oracle.svg 曾-bronze.svg 曾-bigseal.svg 曾-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsrɯn
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *ʔsɯːŋs
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*sʰɯːŋs
*zɯːŋ
*zɯːŋs
*sɯːŋ
*sɯːŋ
*ʔsɯŋs
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*sʰɯːŋ
*zrɯːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a cooker for steaming food. The derivative (OC *ʔsɯŋs) refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (15)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zəŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
céng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
céng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤəŋ/
English (adverb indicating past time)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16625
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zɯːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. already; ever; once (in the past); previously

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • cheng/chng - literary;
  • chan - vernacular (including surname).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡səŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤəŋ/
English remote (ancestor)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. great-
    /   ―  zēngsūn  ―  great-grandson
  2. (literary) unexpectedly
  3. (literary) Alternative form of (zēng, “to increase”).
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tằng, tăng, tâng, tơn, tưng, từng)

  1. used as prefix to indicate a greater level (especially in 曽祖: tằng tổ : great-grandfather, other meaning now seems archaic)
  2. One pronunciation is từng, could be the root of từng : (have ever done <something>) (see từng)

References[edit]