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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
朁-bronze.svg 朁-silk.svg 朁-bigseal.svg 朁-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 73 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一山日 (MUA), four-corner 11601, composition ⿱⿰)

  1. if, supposing, nevertheless

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14302
  • Dae Jaweon: page 878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1518, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6701

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (朁), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昨鹽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziᴇm/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛm/ /d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziam/ /d͡zĭɛm/ /d͡zjæm/
Character (朁), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 七感切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰʌmX/ /t͡sʰămX/ /t͡sʰᴀmX/ /t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰɒmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6701 1 /*sʰlɯːmʔ/
6706 1 /*zlam/