東西

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See also: 东西

Chinese[edit]

east west
trad. (東西) 西
simp. (东西) 西
Wikipedia has an article on:
東西

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Many theories exist.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “needs a summary”

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (16)
Final () (1) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /sɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /sɛj/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /sei/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /siei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /siei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 西 西
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ sej › ‹ sej ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*s-nˁər/ /*s-nˁər/
English east west west

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 西
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2435 13236
Phonetic
component
西
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
西
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*sɯːl/
Notes

Noun[edit]

東西

  1. east and west
  2. nearby; vicinity
  3. everywhere
  4. (literary) seventy to eighty years old

Adverb[edit]

東西

  1. from east to west

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

東西

  1. (chiefly Mandarin, Gan, Hakka, Jin, Xiang) thing; stuff; something (Classifier: ; ; )
    東西 / 东西  ―  Wǒ yǒu dōngxi yào gěi nǐ.  ―  I have something for you.
    東西還給 [MSC, trad.]
    东西还给 [MSC, simp.]
    Bǎ wǒ de dōngxi huángěi wǒ. [Pinyin]
    Give my stuff back.
    東西 [MSC, trad.]
    东西 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ hái yǒu hěn duō dōngxi yào xué. [Pinyin]
    I still have a lot to learn.
  2. Referring to a person or animal with emotion.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Mandarin, whilst 東西/东西 can mean thing in either a physical or abstract sense, 事情 (shìqing) only means thing in an abstract sense.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 東西 (“thing, object”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 東西
Mandarin Beijing 東西
Jinan 東西
Xi'an 東西
Wuhan 東西家伙
Chengdu 東西
Yangzhou 東子東西
Hefei 東西
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 東西
Hakka Meixian 東西
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 東西
Liudui (S. Sixian) 東西
Hsinchu (Hailu) 東西
Dongshi (Dabu) 東西
Zhuolan (Raoping) 東西
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 物件
Jin Taiyuan 東西
Min Bei Jian'ou 物事
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 物件
Quanzhou 物件
Zhangzhou 物件
Taipei 物件
Kaohsiung 物仔物件
Tainan 物仔物件
Taichung 物件
Hsinchu 物件
Lukang 物件
Sanxia 物件
Yilan 物仔物件
Kinmen 物件
Magong 物件
Philippines (Manila) 物件
Chaozhou 物件
Wu Shanghai 物事
Suzhou 物事
Wenzhou 物事物色名堂
Xiang Changsha 東西家伙
Shuangfeng 東西家伙
Derived terms[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
とう
Grade: 2
さい > ざい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 東西 (MC tuŋ sei). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) The sai of 西 changes to zai due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

東西 (hiragana とうざい, rōmaji tōzai)

  1. east and west
  2. (by extension) all over, here and there
  3. Orient and Occident
  4. (slang) a name of a good or money, originally a Chinese slang term

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

東西 (hiragana とうざい, rōmaji tōzai)

  1. Synonym of 東西東西 (your attention please; hear ye)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN