東道主

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See also: 东道主

Chinese[edit]

host
 
to own; to host; master
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
trad. (東道主) 東道
simp. (东道主) 东道

Etymology[edit]

Attested in Zuo Zhuan (circa 4th century B.C.E.), in the entry for the 30th year of Duke Xi's reign (《左傳·僖公三十年》):

以為東道主行李往來乏困 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
以为东道主行李往来乏困 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE
Ruò shě Zhèng yǐwéi dōngdàozhǔ, xínglǐ zhī wǎnglái, gòng qí fákùn, jūn yì wú suǒ hài. [Pinyin]
If you would spare Zheng as a host of the eastern roads, we are willing to provide hospitability and aid to your eastbound diplomatic missions. There could be no harm to you in this.

Uttered by Zhu Zhiwu (燭之武), a Zheng courtier, during his negotiation with the Count Mu of Qin (秦穆公) who was laying siege to the state of Zheng. Later used idomatically as a generic term for a host.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/1
Initial () (5) (7) (23)
Final () (1) (89) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () I I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuŋ/ /dɑuX/ /t͡ɕɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuŋ/ /dɑuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuŋ/ /dɑuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwŋ/ /dawX/ /cuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/tuŋ/ /dɑuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Wang
Li
/tuŋ/ /dɑuX/ /t͡ɕĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuŋ/ /dʱɑuX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dōng dào zhǔ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dung1 dou6 zyu2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dōng dào zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwng › ‹ dawX › ‹ tsyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁoŋ/ (< *tˁoŋʔ ?) /*[kə.l]ˁuʔ/ /*toʔ/
English east way master; host

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/1
No. 2435 11669 17618
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːŋ/ /*l'uːʔ/ /*tjoʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

東道主

  1. host (person who receives or entertains other people as guests)

Usage notes[edit]

Some dictionaries classify 東道主东道主 (dōngdàozhǔ) as a chengyu, albeit a three-character one.

Synonyms[edit]

edit