東道主

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See also: 东道主

Chinese[edit]

host
 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
trad. (東道主) 東道
simp. (东道主) 东道

Etymology[edit]

Attested in Zuo Zhuan (circa 4th century BCE), in the entry for the 30th year of Duke Xi's reign (《左傳·僖公三十年》):

以為東道主行李往來乏困 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
以为东道主行李往来乏困 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Ruò shě Zhèng yǐwéi dōngdàozhǔ, xínglǐ zhī wǎnglái, gòng qí fákùn, jūn yì wú suǒ hài. [Pinyin]
If you would spare Zheng as a host of the eastern roads, we are willing to provide hospitability and aid to your eastbound diplomatic missions. There could be no harm to you in this.

Uttered by Zhu Zhiwu (燭之武), a Zheng courtier, during his negotiation with the Count Mu of Qin (秦穆公) who was laying siege to the state of Zheng. Later used idomatically as a generic term for a host.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

東道主

  1. host

Usage notes[edit]

Some dictionaries classify 東道主东道主 as a chengyu, albeit a three-character one.