松明

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Chinese[edit]

pine
 
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
simp. and trad.
(松明)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

松明

  1. pine torch

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (松明):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: 2
jukujikun

/takimat͡su//taĩmat͡su//taimat͡su/

Shift by イ音便 (i onbin, i sound shift) from takimatsu, itself from 焚き (taki, burning, stem or continuative form of verb 焚く (taku), "to burn") +‎ (matsu, pine tree).[1][2][3] Compare the development of 続松 (tsugimatsu → tsuimatsu) of the same meaning.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 松明.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

松明 (hiragana たいまつ, rōmaji taimatsu)

  1. a torch (stick with flame at one end)
    Synonyms: 打ち松 (uchimatsu), 炬火 (kyoka, koka), 炬燭 (kyoshoku), 松火 (shōka), 松炬 (shōkyo), 続松 (tsuimatsu), トーチ (tōchi), (matsu)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

松明 (hiragana たいまつ, rōmaji Taimatsu)

  1. a placename

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 4
めい
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 松明 (MC zɨoŋ mˠiæŋ). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun[edit]

松明 (hiragana しょうめい, rōmaji shōmei)

  1. a torch (stick with flame at one end)
  2. the flame of an oil lamp

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
まつ
Grade: 4
めい
Grade: 2
yutōyomi

Proper noun[edit]

松明 (hiragana まつめい, rōmaji Matsumei)

  1. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN