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U+6795, 枕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6795

[U+6794]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6796]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木中月山 (DLBU), four-corner 44912, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 515, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14546
  • Dae Jaweon: page 903, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1175, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6795

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
枕-seal.svg 枕-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'um, *ʔljumʔ, *ʔljums): semantic + phonetic (OC *lu, *lum).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ciēng - vernacular;
  • cīng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiɪmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕimX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjemX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cimX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiəmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭĕmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯əmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhěn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zam2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhěn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyimX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t.k][ə]mʔ/
    English pillow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 15262
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔljumʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pillow
    2. occipital bone
    3. Alternative form of (zhěn, “cross board at rear of a carriage”).
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (139)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕiɪmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕimH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕjemH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cimH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕiəmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭĕmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯əmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhèn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zam3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhèn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyimH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[t.k][ə]mʔ-s/
    English use as a pillow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 15263
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔljums/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pillow
      手足 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      手足 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: 王秀楚揚州十日記
      duī shī zhù jī shǒuzú xiāng zhěn [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    2. to approach
    3. A surname​.
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chén
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cam4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 15257
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'um/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Lindera umbellata
    2. Alternative form of (chén).

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pillow

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まくら
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    まくら
    [noun] pillow
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (chim))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: chẳm, chắm, chẩm, chũm, chấm, chỏm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.