枕詞

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Examples (epithet)

茜さす (akane sasu)
千早振る (chihayaburu)
真澄鏡 (masokagami)
武士の (mononofu no)
八雲立つ (ya kumo tatsu)

Kanji in this term
まくら
Grade: S
ことば
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (makura, pillow) +‎ (kotoba, word). The pillow meaning is in reference to the way that makura kotoba in poetry are used as introductions to something else.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

枕詞(まくらことば) (makura kotoba

  1. (poetry) an epithet, specifically a poetic device where a certain introductory phrase is commonly used to allude to something else, traditionally used in 和歌 (waka, traditional Japanese poetry)
    Over time, certain makura kotoba may become full metonyms to replace the term they originally only alluded to, such as the Old Japanese phrase 庭つ鳥 (niwa tsu tori) or "garden bird" replacing the older term (kake) to mean "chicken", as in the modern Japanese term (niwatori). An example of such a makura kotoba:
    711712, Kojiki (poem 2)
    [...] 爾波都登理(にはつとり) 迦祁波那久(かけはなく) [...] [Man'yōgana]
    [...] (には)(とり) (かけ)()く [...] [Modern spelling]
    ...niwa tsu tori, kake wa naku...
    ...the garden bird, the chicken clucks...
  2. (by extension) introductory words
  3. (literally) a pillow talk
    Synonyms: 寝物語 (nemonogatari), 枕物語 (makura monogatari)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN