植物

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Chinese[edit]

to plant thing; object; matter
simp. and trad.
(植物)
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (11) (25) (4)
Final () (19) (134) (60)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /mɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /miut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡieH/ /d͡ʑiek̚/ /miuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨH/ /d͡ʑik̚/ /mut̚/
Li
Rong
/ȡiəH/ /ʑiək̚/ /miuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəH/ /ʑĭək̚/ /mĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱiH/ /ʑi̯ək̚/ /mi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhí zhí zhí
Middle
Chinese
‹ driH › ‹ driH › ‹ dzyik › ‹ mjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-t<r>ək-s/ /*m-tək/ /*C.mut/
English grow, flourish to plant, set upright to plant; plants thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 17263 17273 13218
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯɡs/ /*djɯɡ/ /*mɯd/

Noun[edit]

植物

  1. plant; vegetation; flora   (Classifier: m; c)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (植物):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うえ
Grade: 3
もの
Grade: 3
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
しょく
Grade: 3
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

植物 ‎(hiragana しょくぶつ, romaji shokubutsu, alternative reading うえもの, romaji uemono, historical hiragana うゑもの)

  1. plant; vegetation

Antonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The Chinese-derived reading shokubutsu is more common.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198601972

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

植物 ‎(singmul) ‎(hangeul 식물)

  1. Hanja form? of 식물, “plants, vegetation”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

植物

  1. Hán tự form of thực vật, “plants, vegetation