Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 女戈木 (VID), four-corner 22904, composition ⿱⿲)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
樂-oracle.svg 樂-bronze.svg 樂-bigseal.svg 樂-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(string) +  ‎(wood) – strings on a piece of wood, i.e. a wooden musical instrument.

The oracle bone form shows two strings connected to the wood. In the bronze inscriptions, a component was added in between the two strings, which may either represent the thumb (fiddling) or a phonetic part.

Etymology[edit]

The etymological relationship between “music” and “joy” has been discussed in Wulff (1935) and Unger (1983). Unger draws comparison with the following semantic parallelism in Tibetan: རོལ་མོ ‎(rol mo, music) and རོལ་བ ‎(rol ba, to enjoy; to amuse oneself; to play).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (31)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɣʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɯɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuè
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤrawk/
English music

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 7670
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːwɢs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. music; tune; melody; song
    /   ―  yīnyuè  ―  music
  2. Abbreviation of 樂經乐经 (Yuèjīng, “Classic of Music”).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (37)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lak̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤawk/
English joy; enjoy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 7673
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. joyful; happy; glad
  2. enjoyable; fun
  3. happiness; joy; pleasure
    /   ―    ―  delight; pleasure
  4. lasciviousness; lechery; decadence
  5. to laugh; to smile
  6. to enjoy; to love

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (31)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɣauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɯauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/ŋauH/
Wang
Li
/ŋauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yào
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤrawk-s/
English cause to rejoice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 7670
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːwɢs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be fond of; to enjoy; to appreciate

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in placenames.
    /   ―  Làotíng  ―  Laoting County, Hebei Province
    /   ―  Làolíng  ―  Laoling, Shandong Province

Pronunciation 5[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤawk/
English to cure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (liáo, “to cure; to treat”).
    /   ―  liáo  ―  to appease one's hunger

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. sparse; thinly spread
  2. Only used in 樂託乐托 (“slack; unrestrained; desolate”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ak, rak, yo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): , ,  (revised: ak, rak, yo, McCune-Reischauer: ak, rak, yo, Yale: ak, lak, yo)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lạc, nhác, nhạc, nhạo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.