機關

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See also: 機関 and 机关

Chinese[edit]

machine; opportunity; secret
 
to close; to shut; to turn off
to close; to shut; to turn off; to concern; to involve; mountain pass
trad. (機關)
simp. (机关)
anagram 關機关机

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (20) (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨi/ /kˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨi/ /kʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəi/ /kuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨj/ /kwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kiəi/ /kuan/
Wang
Li
/kĭəi/ /kwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ke̯i/ /kwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gei1 gwaan1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān guān guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjɨj › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*kəj/ /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*[k]ˁro[n]/ /*kˁro[n]/
English mechanism barrier 關關 kwæn.kwæn [bird’s cry] 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 5788 8640
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯl/ /*kroːn/

Noun[edit]

機關

  1. government organization; institution; institute; organ; agency; body; authority (Classifier: m)
    金融機關 / 金融机关  ―  jīnróng jīguān  ―  financial institution
    慈善機關 / 慈善机关  ―  císhàn jīguān  ―  charitable organisation
    研究機關 / 研究机关  ―  yánjiū jīguān  ―  research institute
    司法機關 / 司法机关  ―  sīfǎ jīguān  ―  judicial authorities
    民政機關 / 民政机关  ―  mínzhèng jīguān  ―  civil administration organ
    機關幹部 / 机关干部  ―  jīguān gànbù  ―  government officer
    最高立法機關 / 最高立法机关  ―  zuìgāo lìfǎ jīguān  ―  top legislative body
  2. mechanism (Classifier: m)
    啟動機關 / 启动机关  ―  qǐdòng jīguān  ―  starting mechanism
  3. (figuratively) scheme; intrigue

Synonyms[edit]

  • (scheme):
edit

Adjective[edit]

機關

  1. (attributive) machine-operated

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (機關):
  • Japanese: ()(かん) (kikan)
  • Korean: 기관 (機關, gigwan)
  • Vietnamese: cơ quan (機關)

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
かん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

()(かん) (kikan (kyūjitai, shinjitai 機関)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 機関 (engine; machine; organ)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

機關 (gigwan) (hangeul 기관)

  1. Hanja form? of 기관 (engine; machine; agency).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

機關

  1. Hán tự form of cơ quan (organ).