欠伸

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Chinese[edit]

 
deficient; owe; to lack; yawn
to stretch; to extend
simp. and trad.
(欠伸)
alt. forms 欠申

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

欠伸

  1. to yawn and stretch

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: S
Irregular

Attested in The Pillow Book, completed in 1002.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 欠ぶ (akubu, to yawn).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 欠伸.

Alternate forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

欠伸 (hiragana あくび, rōmaji akubi)

  1. a yawn, yawning
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Verb[edit]

欠伸する (hiragana あくびする, rōmaji akubi suru)

  1. to yawn
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: 4
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Appears to be derived from Middle Chinese compound 欠伸 (MC kʰɨɐmH ɕiɪn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

欠伸 (hiragana けんしん, rōmaji kenshin)

  1. yawning and stretching

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN