武士

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Chinese[edit]

martial; military scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(武士)
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武士

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

武士

  1. warrior; fighter; soldier
  2. member of a powerful military caste (in medieval Europe or Japan); samurai
  3. (historical) palace guard

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 4
on’yomi

From (bushi), found in terms such as 山伏 (yamabushi, mountain hermit) and 野伏 (nobushi, hermit; brigand). Fushi is the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 伏す (fusu, to bow down, to prostrate). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji are ateji (当て字), first coined by Shinobu Orikuchi. However, 武士 itself is first attested in the Nara period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji bushi)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
       () () ()わねど高楊 (たかよう) ()
      bushi wa kuwanedo takayōji
      a samurai, even when he has not eaten, uses a toothpick like a lord
    2. warrior
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji Bushi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 4
Irregular

/mo2no2no2be1/ invalid IPA characters (2221)*/mo2no2no2bu/ invalid IPA characters (222)*/mo2no2no2pu/ invalid IPA characters (222)/mononopu//mononofu/

From Old Japanese.

From the 物部氏 (Mononobe-uji, Mononobe clan), by re-interpretation of the kun-reading of (be) to the kanyōon reading of fu. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana もののふ, rōmaji mononofu)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
    2. warrior
  2. (historical) an official who served in the upper court in the pre-Heian period (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana たけし, rōmaji Takeshi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.
  3. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

武士 (hiragana たけひと, rōmaji Takehito)

  1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

武士 (musa) (hangeul 무사)

  1. Hanja form? of 무사, “warrior”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Han character[edit]

武士 (vũ sĩ, võ sĩ)

  1. combat sport contender; judoka, karateka, boxer, etc.
  2. warrior
  3. samurai