武士

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Chinese[edit]

martial; military scholar; warrior; knight
simp. and trad.
(武士)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

武士

  1. warrior; fighter
  2. soldier
  3. (historical) member of a powerful military caste (in medieval Europe or Japan); samurai
  4. (historical) palace guard

Synonyms[edit]

  • (warrior):
edit
  • (soldier):
edit

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 4
kan’on

From (bushi), found in terms such as 山伏 (yamabushi, mountain hermit) and 野伏 (nobushi, hermit; brigand). Fushi is the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 伏す (fusu, to bow down, to prostrate). The kanji are ateji (当て字), according to Shinobu Orikuchi.[1] However, 武士 itself is first attested in the Nara period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji bushi)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
       () () ()わねど高楊 (たかよう) ()
      bushi wa kuwanedo takayōji
      a samurai, even when he has not eaten, uses a toothpick like a lord
    2. warrior
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana ぶし, rōmaji Bushi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 4
Irregular

/mo2no2no2be1/*/mo2no2no2bu/*/mo2no2no2pu//mononopu//mononofu/

From Old Japanese.

From the 物部氏 (Mononobe-uji, Mononobe clan), by re-interpretation of the kun-reading of (be) to the kanyōon reading of fu. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

武士 (hiragana もののふ, rōmaji mononofu)

  1. a person who serves a lord or a master
    1. samurai
    2. warrior
    • 1987 March 20 [Feb 20 1987], Fujiko Fujio, “超兵器ガ壱號 [Super-Weapon Guh Mk. Ⅰ]”, in カンビュセスのくじ [Cambyses’s Drawing] (藤子不二雄 SF全短編; 1), volume 1 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Chuokoronsha, →ISBN, 第一章, page 99:
      「忠臣ニハ二君仕エズ」ト海堂サン教エタデショ 今デハ日本ガ私ノ祖国 不名誉ナ追放ヨリ名誉アル死ヲ選ビマス 武士モノノフノ死ニザマヲ見トドケテクダサイ
      “Chūshin ni wa nikun tsukaezu” to Kaidō-san oshieta desho Ima de wa Nippon ga watashi no sokoku Fumeiyo na tsuihō yori meiyo aru shi o ebimasu Mononofu no shi ni zama o mitodokete kudasai
      Kaidō-san taught me that “royal servants do not serve two masters”, right? Japan is now my motherland. I would rather choose honored death over dishonored exile. Please watch me die like a samurai.
  2. (historical) an official who served in the upper court in the pre-Heian period (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 5

Grade: 4

武士 (hiragana たけし, rōmaji Takeshi)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.
  3. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

武士 (hiragana たけひと, rōmaji Takehito)

  1. a male given name (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shinobu Orikuchi, Gorotsuki no Hanashi (ごろつきの話), 1928 in 折口信夫 全集, vol. 3, 1966:
    更に、此頃になって目立って来た、もう一つの浮浪者があった。諸方の豪族の家々の子弟のうち、総領の土地を貰ふことの出来なかったもの、乃至は、戦争に負けて土地を奪はれたものなどが、諸国に新しい土地を求めようとして、彷徨した。此が又、前の浮浪団体に混同した。道中の便宜を得る為に、彼等の群に投じたといふやうなことがあったのだ。後世の「武士」は、実は宛て字である。「ぶし」の語原はこれらの野ぶし・山ぶしにあるらしい。
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

武士 (musa) (hangeul 무사)

  1. Hanja form? of 무사 (warrior).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

武士

  1. Hán tự form of võ sĩ (combat sport contender; warrior; samurai).

Derived terms[edit]