民主

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

the people; nationality; citizen
 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
simp. and trad.
(民主)

Etymology[edit]

“democracy; democratic”
Purposed in the mid-1860s during the translation of the book Elements of International Law.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (23)
Final () (43) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miɪn/ /t͡ɕɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/min/ /t͡ɕioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjen/ /t͡ɕioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/min/ /cuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/miĕn/ /t͡ɕioX/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕn/ /t͡ɕĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕn/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mín zhǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mín zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjin › ‹ tsyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mi[ŋ]/ /*toʔ/
English people master; host

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9130 17618
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*min/ /*tjoʔ/

Noun[edit]

民主

  1. democracy
  2. (Classical Chinese) monarch
  3. (Classical Chinese) functionary; official

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

民主

  1. democratic
    民主協商 / 民主协商  ―  mínzhǔ xiéshāng  ―  democratic consultation

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

民主

  1. () Minzhu (a village in Zhonglu, Lichuan, Enshi, Hubei, China)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
みん
Grade: 4
しゅ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Sinitic 民主. Purposed in China in the mid-1860s, giving the word a new meaning, during the translation of the book Elements of International Law into Chinese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

民主 (hiragana みんしゅ, rōmaji minshu)

  1. democracy

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chen, Sheng Bao (1996-12-17), “中国語の中の日本語 (Chinese Borrowings from the Japanese Language), paper presented at the Japanese Language Research Forum held by the International Research Center for Japanese Studies”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1] (in Japanese), International Research Center for Japanese Studies, retrieved 2012-06-15: “古代漢語のことばを利用して訳したものだが、本来の意味とは違うもの。...「民主」”

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

民主 (minju) (hangeul 민주)

  1. Hanja form? of 민주 (democracy).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

民主

  1. Hán tự form of dân chủ (democracy).