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U+6C13, 氓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C13

[U+6C12]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C14]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜女口女心 (YVRVP), four-corner 07747, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 598, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17030
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2131, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6C13

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𣱅

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
氓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ
*maːŋ, *maːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋs
*maːŋ, *hmaːŋ, *maŋ, *mraːŋ, *mraːŋs
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*maːŋ, *maŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ, *hmaŋʔ
*hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋʔ
*hmaːŋʔ
*smaːŋs, *smaːŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*maŋ
*maŋ
*maŋ, *maŋs
*mlaŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*mlaŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋʔ
*maŋs
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ
*mraːŋ

Etymology 1[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
流氓

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bâng - literary;
  • bîn - vernacular (俗).

Definitions[edit]

  1. ruffian, hooligan流氓

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/mɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/mæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mɛng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤr[i]ŋ/
English population, people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12694
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) people, subject, vassals
  2. nomad, wanderer (used to refer to migrants in ancient China)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. people, subjects

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(maeng) (hangeul , revised maeng, McCune-Reischauer maeng, Yale mayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(manh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.