泛濫

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 泛滥, 汎濫, and 氾濫

Chinese

[edit]
float; general; vague excessive; indiscriminate
trad. (泛濫/氾濫/汎濫) //
simp. (泛滥/氾滥) /

Pronunciation

[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (37)
Final () (146) (143)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie 𣊟
Baxter phjomH lamH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuamH/ /lamH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭwɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯wɐmH/ /lɑmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fàn làn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
faan3 laam6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjomH ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰ(r)[o]m-s/
English to float

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
No. 2844 6094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰoms/ /*ɡ·raːms/

Verb

[edit]

泛濫

  1. to flood; to inundate; to overflow
  2. (figurative, of something bad) to spread unchecked; to run rampant
  3. (archaic) to float and sink in the water

Synonyms

[edit]
  • (to spread unchecked): (literary) 濫觴滥觞 (lànshāng)

Adjective

[edit]

泛濫

  1. (archaic) widespread; extensive; wide-ranging

Synonyms

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

Descendants

[edit]
Sino-Xenic (泛濫):
  • Japanese: 氾濫(はんらん) (hanran)
  • Korean: 범람(汎濫) (beomnam)

Others

Japanese

[edit]
Kanji in this term
はん
Hyōgai
らん
Grade: S
on'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 泛濫 – see the following entry.
氾濫はんらん
[noun] for water levels to increase and overflow; a flood, flooding
[noun] for many undesirable things to appear; an overflow
[verb] to flood, to overflow
Alternative spellings
汎濫, はん濫
(This term, 泛濫, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)