海象

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea
 
shape; form; appearance; elephant; image under a map (math.)
simp. and trad.
(海象)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

海象

  1. walrus

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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海象 (seiuchi, kaizō): a walrus.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 4
Irregular

From Russian сивуч ‎(sivuč, Steller sea lion).[1]

The kanji spelling is from Middle Chinese. See kaizō below.

Noun[edit]

海象 ‎(hiragana せいうち, katakana セイウチ, romaji seiuchi)

  1. walrus
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as セイウチ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
ぞう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/kaizau//kaizɔː//kaizoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 海象 ‎(xojX zjangX, literally ocean, sea + elephant). Compare modern Cantonese reading hoi2 zoeng6.

The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海象 ‎(hiragana かいぞう, romaji kaizō, historical hiragana かいざう)

  1. (rare) a walrus
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is much less common than seiuchi.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
しょう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/kaiɕau//kaiɕɔː//kaiɕoː/

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 海象 ‎(xojX zjangX, literally ocean, sea + appearance, image). Alternatively, may have been coined in Japan as a compound of Middle Chinese-derived roots.

The kan'on, so likely either a later borrowing, or a later innovation in Japan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海象 ‎(hiragana かいしょう, romaji kaishō, historical hiragana かいしやう)

  1. marine phenomenon

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9