涅槃

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(涅槃)
alternative forms 泥洹
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Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or Pali nibbāna. Compare Thai นิพพาน (níp-paan).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (3)
Final () (87) (62)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/net̚/ /bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛt̚/ /buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛt̚/ /bwan/
Li
Rong
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Wang
Li
/niet̚/ /buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niet̚/ /bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niè pán

Noun[edit]

涅槃

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (涅槃):
  • Japanese: 涅槃(ねはん) (nehan)
  • Korean: 열반 (涅槃, yeolban)
  • Vietnamese: niết bàn (涅槃)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
はん
Hyōgaiji
kan’yōon kan’on
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 涅槃 (MC net̚ buɑn), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished),[1][2][3][4][5][6] or Pali nibbāna.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(はん) (nehan

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana (enlightened experience)
    Synonyms: 寂滅 (jakumetsu), 泥洹 (naion), ニルバーナ (nirubāna)
  2. (Buddhism) Short for 仏涅槃 (butsunehan): the death of the Sakyamuni Buddha
  3. (Buddhism, by extension) death, dying
    Synonyms: 入寂 (nyūjaku), 入涅槃 (nyūnehan), 入滅 (nyūmetsu)
  4. (Buddhism) Short for 涅槃会 (Nehan-e): an annual Buddhist service held on Parinirvana Day

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()(はん) (Nehan

  1. Short for 涅槃経 (Nehan-gyō): the Nirvana Sutra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 涅槃”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 涅槃”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 涅槃”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  7. ^ Kido Inoue; Doiku Takeda (2012) , Reggie Pawle, Ph.D, editor, Record of Traces and Dreams: the Heart Sutra, iUniverse, →ISBN, page vi

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

涅槃 (yeolban) (hangeul 열반)

  1. Hanja form? of 열반 ((Buddhism) nirvana).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

涅槃

  1. Hán tự form of niết bàn ((Buddhism) nirvana).