涅槃

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(涅槃)

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or Pali nibbāna. Compare Thai นิพพาน (níp-paan).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (3)
Final () (87) (62)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/net̚/ /bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛt̚/ /buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛt̚/ /bwan/
Li
Rong
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Wang
Li
/niet̚/ /buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niet̚/ /bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niè pán

Noun[edit]

涅槃

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (涅槃):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
はん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 涅槃 (MC net̚ buɑn), itself a transliteration from Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or from Pali nibbāna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

涅槃 (hiragana ねはん, rōmaji nehan)

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana; enlightened experience
    Heart Sutra (Wikipedia article):
    ... (おん) () (いっ) (さい) (てん) (どう) () (そう) () (ぎょう) () (はん)...
    onri (issai) tendō musō kugyō nehan
    Having transcended all illusions, the Bodhisattva finally transcends Nirvana.[2]
  2. (by extension, Buddhism) Short for 仏涅槃 (death of the Buddha).
  3. (by extension) death, dying
  4. salvation

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Zen Heart Sutra Phonetic – Translation Of The Kanji Of The Heart Sutra[1], accessed August 18, 2017