涅槃

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(涅槃)
Wikipedia has an article on:
涅槃

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or Pali nibbāna. Compare Thai นิพพาน (níp-paan).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (3)
Final () (87) (62)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/net̚/ /bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛt̚/ /buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛt̚/ /bwan/
Li
Rong
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Wang
Li
/niet̚/ /buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niet̚/ /bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niè pán

Noun[edit]

涅槃

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (涅槃):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
はん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 涅槃 (MC net̚ buɑn), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished),[1][2] or Pali nibbāna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

涅槃 (hiragana ねはん, rōmaji nehan)

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana (enlightened experience)
    Synonyms: 寂滅 (jakumetsu), 泥洹 (naion), ニルバーナ (nirubāna)
  2. (Buddhism) Short for 仏涅槃 (Butsu-nehan): the death of the Sakyamuni Buddha
  3. (Buddhism, by extension) death, dying
    Synonyms: 入寂 (nyūjaku), 入涅槃 (nyūnehan), 入滅 (nyūmetsu)
  4. (Buddhism) Short for 涅槃会 (Nehan-e): an annual Buddhist service held on Parinirvana Day

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kido Inoue; Doiku Takeda (2012), Reggie Pawle, Ph.D, editor, Record of Traces and Dreams: the Heart Sutra, iUniverse, →ISBN, page vi