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U+6E4D, 湍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E4D

[U+6E4C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E4E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水山一月 (EUMB), four-corner 32127, composition)

  1. rapid water current, rapids

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 636, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17825
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1043, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1677, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6E4D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
湍-bigseal.svg 湍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
toːlʔ, *sʰrolʔ
toːlʔ, *toːn
tjols
djol, *djon
djol, *djon
djols
toːn
toːn, *tjonʔ
toːn, *tʰoːn
toːn
toːn
toːns, *djonʔ
tʰoːn, *tjon
tʰoːn
tʰoːn, *tʰoːns
stʰons, *tjon, *tʰjons, *djon
tjon
tʰjonʔ
djon
djon
djon
djon, *djonʔ
djonʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (23)
Final () (62) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰʷɑn/ /t͡ɕʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwan/ /cwian/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑn/ /t͡ɕi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuān zhuān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ thwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˤor/
English rushing water

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2507 2515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoːn/ /*tjon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune-Reischauer tan, Yale tan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]