湯湯

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Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

phonetic
trad. (湯湯)
simp. (汤汤)

Iterative or intensive derivation from (OC *laŋ, “to rise”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (26)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥aŋ/
English amply-flowing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 14585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/

Adjective[edit]

湯湯

  1. (literary, ideophonic, of water) grand; grandiose; torrential
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

to move; to shake to move; to shake
trad. (湯湯)
simp. (汤汤)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (6)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰaŋH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 14560
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːŋs/
Notes

Adjective[edit]

湯湯

  1. (literary) turbulent

Etymology 3[edit]

soup; hot water soup; hot water
trad. (湯湯)
simp. (汤汤)

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Noun[edit]

湯湯

  1. (childish, affectionate) soup
    湯湯 / 汤汤 [Cantonese]  ―  jam2 tong1 tong1 [Jyutping]  ―  to drink soup

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Adjective[edit]

湯湯

  1. (Min Nan) watery
    湯湯 / 汤汤 [Min Nan]  ―  ám-thong-thong [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  very watery

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 3
とう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Adjective[edit]

湯湯 (-tari inflection, hiragana とうとう, rōmaji tōtō, historical hiragana たうたう)

  1. alternative spelling of 蕩蕩: spacious, grandiose; level and peaceful; gushing, surging, rushing; gentle; disordered, unconstrained

References[edit]