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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – a ditch or drain for water.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水廿廿月 (ETTB), four-corner 35147)

  1. ditch, drain, narrow waterway
  2. 10^32

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 639, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17944
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1046, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1692, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6E9D

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kou⁵⁵/
Harbin /kou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kou²¹/
Jinan /kou²¹³/
Qingdao /kou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kou²⁴/
Xi'an /kou²¹/
Xining /kɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kou³¹/
Ürümqi /kɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /kəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kəɯ³¹/
Hefei /kɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kəu¹¹/
Pingyao /kəu¹³/
Hohhot /kəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /kɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kø³³/
Wenzhou /kau³³/
Hui Shexian /kiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kəu³³/
Xiangtan /kəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kiɛu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /keu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /keu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu⁵³/
Nanning /kɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐu⁵⁵/
/kʰɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔ⁵⁵/
/kau⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kau⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ke⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kau³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔu²³/
/kau²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/ /kə̯u/ /ku/ /kəu/ /kəw/ /kəu/ /kəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōu ‹ kuw › /*[k]ˤ(r)o/ irrigation canal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4185 0 /*koː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kou⁵⁵/
Harbin /kou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kou²¹/
Jinan /kou²¹³/
Qingdao /kou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kou²⁴/
Xi'an /kou²¹/
Xining /kɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kou³¹/
Ürümqi /kɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /kəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kəɯ³¹/
Hefei /kɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kəu¹¹/
Pingyao /kəu¹³/
Hohhot /kəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /kɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kø³³/
Wenzhou /kau³³/
Hui Shexian /kiu³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kəu³³/
Xiangtan /kəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kiɛu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /keu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /keu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu⁵³/
Nanning /kɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐu⁵⁵/
/kʰɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔ⁵⁵/
/kau⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kau⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ke⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kau³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔu²³/
/kau²³/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 溝瞀沟瞀.

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みぞ, romaji mizo)

  1. a ditch
  2. a groove
  3. a gulf; a gap

Number[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. A number of 1032 in modern Japanese since 17th century.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.