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See also: 尿
U+6EBA, 溺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6EBA

[U+6EB9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6EBB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水弓一一 (ENMM), four-corner 37127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 641, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17990
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1048, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1710, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6EBA

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*neːwʔ
*njewɢ
*njewɢ, *neːwɢ
*njewɢ
*rneːwɢ, *rnaːwɢ
*neːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njewɢ, *neːwɢ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *njewɢ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni⁵¹/
Harbin /ni⁵³/
Tianjin /ni⁵³/
Jinan /ȵi²¹/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni³¹²/
Xi'an /ni²¹/
Xining /mji²¹³/
Yinchuan /ni¹³/
Lanzhou /ȵi¹³/
Ürümqi /ȵi²¹³/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵie³¹/
/ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəʔ²/
Pingyao /ȵiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /niəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ȵiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /ȵi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /nit̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /nek̚²/
Nanning /nek̚²²/
Hong Kong /nek̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (8)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/nek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/nek̚/
Wang
Li
/niek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nek ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤewk/
English to sink in water

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*neːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to drown
  2. to indulge
  3. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.


BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niào
Middle
Chinese
‹ newH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kə.nˤewk-s/
English urine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of 尿 (niào).

Pronunciation 3[edit]

simp. and trad.


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (38)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10948
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (ruò, “name of a river”).
  2. Alternative form of (ruò, “weak”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nik>ik, nyo>yo) (hangeul >, >, revised nik>ik, nyo>yo, McCune–Reischauer nik>ik, nyo>yo, Yale nik>ik, nyo>yo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]