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See also:
U+6F38, 漸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6F38

[U+6F37]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6F39]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 85, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 水十十中 (EJJL), four-corner 32121, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 647, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18179
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1057, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1717, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6F38

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsam, *zamʔ): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *ʔsreːmʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Khmer ជាំ (cŏəm, wet; soaked; steeped) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ziam6 - Shantou;
  • ziem6 -Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕian⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡siã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sian³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡sã⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡sã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕian¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕian²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕian¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕian²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡sien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /ziɪ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ji²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe²²/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡siẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiam⁵³/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰiɑm¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sim²²/
    Nanning /t͡sim²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sim²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siam²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sieŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siam³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siam³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (153)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ziᴇmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ziɛmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zjæmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ziamX/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziɛmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zĭɛmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱi̯ɛmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zim6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzjemX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]amʔ/
    English gradually; advance

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16811
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zamʔ/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. Qiantang River
    2. to advance gradually
    3. gradual process
    4. (of an illness) to aggravate; to worsen
    5. to dredge; to open a path
    6. omen
    7. condition; prerequisite
    8. sequence; order
    9. gradually
    10. just when
    11. immediately; soon after
    12. when; until
    13. 53rd hexagram of the I Ching
    14. A surname​.
    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (153)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡siᴇm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɛm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sjæm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡siam/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siɛm/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭɛm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ɛm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zim1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjem ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]am/
    English moisten

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16804
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsam/
    Definitions[edit]

    1. to flow into
    2. to bedew
    3. to soak
    4. to moisten
    5. to influence
    6. to cheat
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to go under water; to move under water; to hide; to conceal; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“precipitous; steep; jagged; towering; overlapping; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeom, cham) (hangeul , , revised jeom, cham, McCune–Reischauer chŏm, ch'am, Yale cem, cham)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tiệm, tràn, tiêm, tiềm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.