Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+7051, 灑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7051

[U+7050]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7052]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 水一一心 (EMMP), four-corner 31111, composition)

  1. sprinkle, splash
  2. scatter, throw

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 663, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18774
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1072, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1794, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7051

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːlʔ, *sreːlʔ, *srelʔ, *srels
*sreːl, *srel
*sreːlʔ, *srelʔ
*sreːls, *srels
*reːl
*reːl, *rel
*reːlʔ
*reːlʔ, *reːls, *srel
*reːls
*reːls, *rel
*reːls
*rel
*rel, *reːɡ
*rel
*rel, *srelʔ
*rel
*relʔ
*r̥ʰel
*srel, *srelʔ, *sra
*srel, *srels
*srelʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sèe - vernacular;
  • sá/sè - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (21) (21) (21) (21)
Final () (13) (31) (98) (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III II II Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiᴇX/ /ʃˠɛX/ /ʃˠaX/ /ʃˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚiɛX/ /ʃᵚæX/ /ʃᵚaX/ /ʃᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɛX/ /ʃæiX/ /ʃaX/ /ʃiɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂjiə̆X/ /ʂaɨjX/ /ʂaɨX/ /ʂjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ʃjeX/ /ʃɛX/ /ʃaX/ /ʃjeH/
Wang
Li
/ʃǐeX/ /ʃaiX/ /ʃaX/ /ʃǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂie̯X/ /ʂaiX/ /ʂaX/ /ʂie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ shǎi shǎ shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛX › ‹ srɛH › ‹ srjeH › ‹ srjeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.s<r>ərʔ/ (MC srj- > sr-) /*Cə.s<r>ərʔ-s/ (MC srj- > sr-) /*Cə.s<r>ərʔ-s/ /*Cə.s<r>ərʔ/
English sprinkle sprinkle sprinkle sprinkle (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 7904 7906 7931 7935
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːlʔ/ /*sreːlʔ/ /*srelʔ/ /*srels/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sae, swae) (hangeul , , revised sae, swae, McCune-Reischauer sae, swae, Yale say, sway)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sái, rợi, tẩy, thối)

  • 灑然 Sái nhiên
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: rởi, rưới, sái, tưới

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville