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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
(cursive)
無-cursive-order.gif
The character 無 in cursive script.
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Etymology[edit]

無-oracle.svg 無-bronze.svg 無-bigseal.svg 無-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Simplified from (elimination of ) – removal of 舛 (character used for sound). (Compare 可 from 奇.)

Source character meaning “dance”, top component graphically originally a figure with outstretched arms holding two animal hides: + + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人廿火 (OTF), four-corner 80331)

  1. negative, no, not
  2. lack, have no

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 673, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19113
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1081, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2211, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7121

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (無), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 武夫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨo/ /mi̯u/ /mio/ /mio/ /muə̆/ /mĭu/ /mio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mju › /*ma/ not have
‹ mju › /*ma/ volitional prefix
‹ mju › /*mo/ don’t

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13117 0 /*ma/

Adverb[edit]

  1. not, no
    /   ―    ―  can't

Noun[edit]

  1. no, none, nothing, lack, nil
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    qiú yú nǐ. [Pinyin]
    I want nothing from you.
    到有 / 到有  ―  cóngdàoyǒu  ―  start from nothing, from scratch
Prefix[edit]

  1. without, -less, un-
    /   ―  qíng  ―  heartless
    /   ―    ―  unreasonable
    /   ―  biān  ―  unlimited

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to not have, to lack, there is no
    天空 [MSC, trad.]
    天空 [MSC, simp.]
    Tiānkōng wú yún. [Pinyin]
    There is no cloud in the sky.
Usage notes[edit]

Literary equivalent of 沒有没有

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. regardless of, no matter whether
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from Sanskrit नमस् ‎(namas).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Buddhism) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nothing
  2. nothingness
  3. none
  4. nil
  5. not

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. nothing, nothingness
  2. (Buddhism): The null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji mu-)

  1. non-, un-

‎(hiragana , romaji bu-)

  1. non-, un-
  2. poor

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Yakja (略字, simplified cursive) form of 無.

‎(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. (mu, “nothing”)
  2. (mu, “no”)
  3. (Buddhism) (mu, “neither yes nor no”) (in response to a koan or a question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , thủy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.